[PATCH] ARM: dts: Fix failing ethernet PHY detection on the LeMaker Banana Pi

Karsten Merker merker at debian.org
Sun Nov 9 05:28:33 PST 2014

While testing the daily builds of the Debian-Installer (d-i) on the
LeMaker Banana Pi (a small, Allwinner A20-based board), I found that
within the installer environment, the detection of the external Realtek
ethernet PHY connected to the Allwinner A20 GMAC fails upon first
loading of the stmmac driver:

[   77.235117] stmmaceth 1c50000.ethernet: no reset control found
[   77.235192]  Ring mode enabled
[   77.235202]  No HW DMA feature register supported
[   77.235211]  Normal descriptors
[   77.235219]  TX Checksum insertion supported
[   77.242678] libphy: stmmac: probed
[   77.242708] eth0: No PHY found

Just unloading the stmmac module and immediately afterwards 
modprobing it again results in proper detection of the PHY:

[  148.823456] stmmaceth 1c50000.ethernet: no reset control found
[  148.823487]  Ring mode enabled
[  148.823496]  No HW DMA feature register supported
[  148.823502]  Normal descriptors
[  148.823509]  TX Checksum insertion supported
[  148.854654] libphy: stmmac: probed
[  148.854683] eth0: PHY ID 001cc915 at 0 IRQ POLL (stmmac-0:00) active
[  148.854694] eth0: PHY ID 001cc915 at 1 IRQ POLL (stmmac-0:01)

On the Banana Pi, the PHY power supply is handled by a GPIO-controlled

gmac: ethernet at 01c50000 {
        pinctrl-names = "default";
        pinctrl-0 = <&gmac_pins_rgmii_a>;
        phy = <&phy1>;
        phy-mode = "rgmii";
        phy-supply = <&reg_gmac_3v3>;
        status = "okay";

        phy1: ethernet-phy at 1 {
                reg = <1>;

reg_gmac_3v3: gmac-3v3 {
        compatible = "regulator-fixed";
        pinctrl-names = "default";
        pinctrl-0 = <&gmac_power_pin_bananapi>;
        regulator-name = "gmac-3v3";
        regulator-min-microvolt = <3300000>;
        regulator-max-microvolt = <3300000>;
        startup-delay-us = <50000>;
        gpio = <&pio 7 23 0>;

and this problem did not show up on the hardware-wise rather similar
Cubietech Cubietruck (same SoC, same external PHY, but no
GPIO-controlled regulator for the PHY).  Further tests have shown that
increasing the startup-delay for the regulator solves the problem.  The
current sun7i-a20-bananapi.dts file (in linux-next, intended to go into
kernel 3.19) sets startup-delay-us for the PHY's regulator to 50000.  On
my Banana Pi board, even with a value of 55000, the PHY detection does
usually not work on the first probing inside d-i.  Increasing the value
to 57500 results in a successful probing most of the time, but not
always; only setting it to 60000 results in a reliable PHY detection
for me.

I would therefore like to propose increasing the startup-delay in the
Banana Pi dts to a value of 60000.  Following is an according patch.


Karsten Merker (1):
  ARM: dts: sunxi: Banana Pi: increase startup-delay for the GMAC PHY

 arch/arm/boot/dts/sun7i-a20-bananapi.dts |    2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)


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