[PATCH] arm64: make CONFIG_ZONE_DMA user settable

Mark Salter msalter at redhat.com
Mon Jun 23 06:17:03 PDT 2014

On Mon, 2014-06-23 at 12:09 +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 23, 2014 at 06:05:24AM +0100, Mark Salter wrote:
> > Commit 19e7640d1f (arm64: Replace ZONE_DMA32 with ZONE_DMA)
> > moves support for 32-bit DMA addressing into ZONE_DMA and renames
> > 
> > Commit 2d5a5612bc (arm64: Limit the CMA buffer to 32-bit if ZONE_DMA)
> > forces the CMA buffer to be 32-bit addressable if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is
> > defined.
> > 
> > These two patches pose a problem for platforms which have no 32-bit
> > addressable DRAM.
> It's actually the bus/dma address that needs to be 32-bit rather than
> the DRAM as seen by the CPU (which can be beyond 32-bit like the
> Keystone platform).

Ah, right.

> > If CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is turned on for such platforms,
> > CMA is unable to reserve a buffer for allocations. CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is
> > not user settable however, so there is no way to turn it off without
> > editing arch/arm64/Kconfig. Even if one edits Kconfig to turn off
> > CONFIG_ZONE_DMA, the kernel fails to build with such a config:
> > 
> >   arch/arm64/mm/init.c: In function ‘zone_sizes_init’:
> >   arch/arm64/mm/init.c:76:13: error: ‘ZONE_DMA’ undeclared (first use in this function)
> >      zone_size[ZONE_DMA] = max_dma - min;
> >                ^
> > 
> > This patch makes CONFIG_ZONE_DMA user settable and fixes the kernel
> > build when it is turned off.
> The reason I left CONFIG_ZONE_DMA not user settable is because on arm64
> we aim for single Image by default. So ZONE_DMA would most likely be
> needed on at least one platform. Even with ZONE_DMA it's just a guess
> without proper system topology description. dma_to_phys() just takes a
> NULL argument for device when trying to guess the physical address for a
> 32-bit DMA mask (and 32-bit devices may have some physical offset wired
> already).
> With the CMA fix, does the kernel work properly with a zero sized DMA
> zone? Any GFP_DMA allocations will fail, including the swiotlb bounce
> buffer. It may be fine if no devices require 32-bit DMA memory but I
> wonder whether on such platforms it would be better to simply add
> all the memory to ZONE_DMA.

The kernel works, but there are no devices needing GFP_DMA. And yes,
the swiotlb init fails because of no GFP_DMA. But that has always
been the case on platforms with no 32-bit memory.

> Which gets us back to finding a way for describing such system topology
> in hardware. We may be able to find a way with DT but unlikely for ACPI.
> My proposal (in the absence of any kind of description) is to still
> create a ZONE_DMA if we have DMA memory below 32-bit, otherwise just add
> everything (>32-bit) to ZONE_DMA. Basically an extension from your CMA
> patch, make dma_phys_limit static in that file and set it to
> memblock_end_of_DRAM() if no 32-bit DMA. Re-use it in the
> zone_sizes_init() function for ZONE_DMA (maybe with a pr_info for no
> 32-bit only DMA zone).

There's a performance issue with all memory being in ZONE_DMA. It means
all normal allocations will fail on ZONE_NORMAL and then have to fall
back to ZONE_DMA. It would be better to put some percentage of memory

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