[PATCH V4 1/2] arm: mm: Introduce {pte, pmd}_isset and {pte, pmd}_isclear

Steve Capper steve.capper at linaro.org
Mon Jun 16 07:32:38 PDT 2014

Long descriptors on ARM are 64 bits, and some pte functions such as
pte_dirty return a bitwise-and of a flag with the pte value. If the
flag to be tested resides in the upper 32 bits of the pte, then we run
into the danger of the result being dropped if downcast.

For example:
	gather_stats(page, md, pte_dirty(*pte), 1);
where pte_dirty(*pte) is downcast to an int.

This patch introduces a new macro pte_isset which performs the bitwise
and, then performs a double logical invert (where needed) to ensure
predictable downcasting. The logical inverse pte_isclear is also

Equivalent pmd functions for Transparent HugePages have also been

Signed-off-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper at linaro.org>
 arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h | 10 +++++++---
 arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable.h        | 18 +++++++++++-------
 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
index 85c60ad..bde49f9 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable-3level.h
@@ -207,16 +207,20 @@ static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr)
 #define pte_huge(pte)		(pte_val(pte) && !(pte_val(pte) & PTE_TABLE_BIT))
 #define pte_mkhuge(pte)		(__pte(pte_val(pte) & ~PTE_TABLE_BIT))
-#define pmd_young(pmd)		(pmd_val(pmd) & PMD_SECT_AF)
+#define pmd_isset(pmd, val)	((u32)(val) == (val) ? pmd_val(pmd) & (val) \
+						: !!(pmd_val(pmd) & (val)))
+#define pmd_isclear(pmd, val)	(!(pmd_val(pmd) & (val)))
+#define pmd_young(pmd)		(pmd_isset((pmd), PMD_SECT_AF))
-#define pmd_write(pmd)		(!(pmd_val(pmd) & PMD_SECT_RDONLY))
+#define pmd_write(pmd)		(pmd_isclear((pmd), PMD_SECT_RDONLY))
 #define pmd_hugewillfault(pmd)	(!pmd_young(pmd) || !pmd_write(pmd))
 #define pmd_thp_or_huge(pmd)	(pmd_huge(pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(pmd))
-#define pmd_trans_huge(pmd)	(pmd_val(pmd) && !(pmd_val(pmd) & PMD_TABLE_BIT))
+#define pmd_trans_huge(pmd)	(pmd_val(pmd) && pmd_isclear((pmd), PMD_TABLE_BIT))
 #define pmd_trans_splitting(pmd) (pmd_val(pmd) & PMD_SECT_SPLITTING)
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 5478e5d..01baef0 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -214,18 +214,22 @@ static inline pte_t *pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd)
 #define pte_clear(mm,addr,ptep)	set_pte_ext(ptep, __pte(0), 0)
+#define pte_isset(pte, val)	((u32)(val) == (val) ? pte_val(pte) & (val) \
+						: !!(pte_val(pte) & (val)))
+#define pte_isclear(pte, val)	(!(pte_val(pte) & (val)))
 #define pte_none(pte)		(!pte_val(pte))
-#define pte_present(pte)	(pte_val(pte) & L_PTE_PRESENT)
-#define pte_valid(pte)		(pte_val(pte) & L_PTE_VALID)
+#define pte_present(pte)	(pte_isset((pte), L_PTE_PRESENT))
+#define pte_valid(pte)		(pte_isset((pte), L_PTE_VALID))
 #define pte_accessible(mm, pte)	(mm_tlb_flush_pending(mm) ? pte_present(pte) : pte_valid(pte))
-#define pte_write(pte)		(!(pte_val(pte) & L_PTE_RDONLY))
-#define pte_dirty(pte)		(pte_val(pte) & L_PTE_DIRTY)
-#define pte_young(pte)		(pte_val(pte) & L_PTE_YOUNG)
-#define pte_exec(pte)		(!(pte_val(pte) & L_PTE_XN))
+#define pte_write(pte)		(pte_isclear((pte), L_PTE_RDONLY))
+#define pte_dirty(pte)		(pte_isset((pte), L_PTE_DIRTY))
+#define pte_young(pte)		(pte_isset((pte), L_PTE_YOUNG))
+#define pte_exec(pte)		(pte_isclear((pte), L_PTE_XN))
 #define pte_special(pte)	(0)
 #define pte_valid_user(pte)	\
-	(pte_valid(pte) && (pte_val(pte) & L_PTE_USER) && pte_young(pte))
+	(pte_valid(pte) && pte_isset((pte), L_PTE_USER) && pte_young(pte))
 #if __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ < 6
 static inline void __sync_icache_dcache(pte_t pteval)

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