[PATCH] arm64: kernel: fix __cpu_suspend mm switch on warm-boot

Will Deacon will.deacon at arm.com
Sun Dec 21 07:48:48 PST 2014

On Sun, Dec 21, 2014 at 11:56:36AM +0000, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Sun, Dec 21, 2014 at 10:50:43AM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Fri, Dec 19, 2014 at 05:03:47PM +0000, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> > > On arm64 the TTBR0_EL1 register is set to either the reserved TTBR0
> > > page tables on boot or to the active_mm mappings belonging to user space
> > > processes, it must never be set to swapper_pg_dir page tables mappings.
> > > 
> > > When a CPU is booted its active_mm is set to init_mm even though its
> > > TTBR0_EL1 points at the reserved TTBR0 page mappings. This implies
> > > that when __cpu_suspend is triggered the active_mm can point at
> > > init_mm even if the current TTBR0_EL1 register contains the reserved
> > > TTBR0_EL1 mappings.
> > 
> > In reality, this is only an issue on the ASID rollover path, right?
> No.

Ahh, I was getting confused with arch/arm/ where we set the reserved ttbr0
by copying ttbr1 into ttbr0. We use the zero page on arm64, so I'd
completely missed the point of this patch (i.e. the reserved ttbr value
is safe).

> > I
> > had grand plans to remove the use of a reserved ttbr value from that
> > code entirely.
> I think we still need it (well, you can point it at the zero page, maybe
> we do this already), unless you want to disable TTBR0 page table walks
> in TCR_EL1 temporarily during (warm) boot. Alternatively, you can make
> the idmap_pg_dir non-global with its own reserved ASID.

Well, I'm only talking about the ASID allocator here. If we use the active
ASID scheme that we have on arch/arm/, then I don't see why we need to touch
TTBR0 at all. I appreciate the need for a reserved TTBR0 in other cases.
For arch/arm/, it's only there for classic MMU iirc.

> > Obviously that shouldn't hold up this fix, but it would be
> > nice to understand the relationship (i.e. whether or not I can revert this
> > patch if/when I improve the ASID allocator).
> The problem on arm64 is that swapper_pg_dir only contains kernel
> mappings, never user mappings, so it is not meant to be ever written to
> TTBR0_EL1 (unlike arm32 where swapper covers the whole 4GB range). Once
> you write swapper_pg_dir to TTBR0_EL1 (which is active_mm for the idle
> thread after secondary boot, until the first switch to user space), you
> end up with global kernel mappings in the user address space that never
> go away with an ASID switch.

Ok, so the problem arises when we go idle from a kernel thread, or something
like that?


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