[PATCH v4 3/4] gpio: Add find GPIO base in increasing order

Zhou Wang wangzhou.bry at gmail.com
Sun Dec 14 20:01:56 PST 2014

On 2014年12月10日 16:51, Alexandre Courbot wrote:
> On Fri, Dec 5, 2014 at 12:38 PM, Zhou Wang <wangzhou.bry at gmail.com> wrote:
>> In function gpiochip_find_base, base number of a GPIO controller
>> is found in decreasing order. ARCH_NR_GPIOS is used to define from
>> which number we begin to search for base number of a GPIO controller.
>> In fact, ARCH_NR_GPIOS brings us some multiplatform problems, like:
>> http://www.spinics.net/lists/devicetree/msg60433.html
>> This patch adds the support to find base number of a GPIO controller
>> in increasing order. It will assign base number from 0.
>> A new dts property called gpio-number-forward must be add to the related
>> GPIO dts nodes if you want it works well.
> Global GPIO numbers are a Linux-only concept, so your property should
> be named linux,gpio-number-forward.
> But even that way I don't think I like this idea. This just adds some
> more mess to how the GPIO number space is constructed, and it is
> already quite messy as it is. You have no guarantee over the probe
> order of your GPIO controllers, so they may very well be probed in a
> different order and end up with different base numbers anytime.
> Not that this is your fault - the number namespace is broken by design
> and I don't think there is a way to fix it. The long-term solution is
> to stop using it by switching to the gpiod interface.
> First a few questions to understand why you need your GPIOs numbered
> this way, and if you need it at all:
> - Can't you use the gpiod interface instead so you don't need to rely
> on GPIO numbers?

Hi Alexandre,

Sorry for late. Could you give me more clue about the gpiod interface? 
Don't we also call gpio_request() which uses GPIO number to request a

> - Do you plan to use the sysfs interface? If so then we are screwed,
> because there is no way to use it without using global GPIO numbers.

I am now enabling GPIO in Hip04-d01. Maybe, I can just use
the default ARCH_NR_GPIOS, then users can manage GPIO through sysfs.
However if so, GPIO 0~127 will be mapped to GPIO 384~511.

> This is something we should/will fix with named exported GPIOs, but we
> are not here yet.
> As to how we can solve your problem: if you must use GPIO integers
> (because you need to use the sysfs interface for instance), and need
> them affected consistently, the only way I can think of is to
> introduce a "linux,gpio-base" property that will set gpiochip->base to
> a fixed number. It still kind of sucks, but at least it will enforce

Thanks for your suggestion. But setting "linux,gpio-base" will bring
gpio base implementation specific, and in face there is no place to gain
this gpio base info, not appropriate both in gpio arch code and dwapb

Thanks again for your comments,
Zhou Wang

> that different controllers get the same base number reliably, and the
> firmware is the best placed to know how many GPIOs each controller has
> and decide an appropriate layout.
> I know we pushed back against this kind of solution in the past, but
> it is still more reliable than having a property that affects how the
> kernel's base finding function works, and will offer us a way to
> eventually put ARCH_NR_GPIOS and gpiochip_find_base() to rest (at the
> cost of backwards-compatibility, but we just cannot do without it).
> Linus, do you agree?
> In the medium term, we need to offer a solution for user-space to
> *not* rely on GPIO numbers, and that will necessarily go through a new
> sysfs interface, since at the moment even GPIO chips use their base
> number in their exported name.

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