[linux-sunxi] Re: [PATCH 4/4] simplefb: add clock handling code

Hans de Goede hdegoede at redhat.com
Fri Aug 29 00:23:41 PDT 2014


On 08/29/2014 09:01 AM, Thierry Reding wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 28, 2014 at 02:15:40PM +0200, Hans de Goede wrote:
>> On 08/27/2014 04:16 PM, Thierry Reding wrote:
> [...]
>>>> Hmm I see, in my mind the problem is not that the clk framework disables
>>>> unused clocks, but that no one is marking the clocks in question as used.
>>>> Someone should mark these clocks as used so that they do not get disabled.
>>>> We could add a clk_mark_in_use function and have the simplefb patch call
>>>> that instead of clk_prepare_and_enable, or maybe even better just only
>>>> claim the clks and teach the clk framework to not disable claimed clk
>>>> in its cleanup run. That would make it clear that simplefb is not enabling
>>>> anything, just claiming resource its need to avoid them getting removed
>>>> from underneath simplefb, would that work for you ?
>>> That would be more accurate, but it boils down to the same problem where
>>> we still need a driver to claim the resources in some way whereas the
>>> problem is fundamentally one where the bootloader should be telling the
>>> kernel not to disable it. It's in fact the bootloader that's claiming
>>> the resources.
>> Yes, but those resources do not belong to the bootloader in a sense
>> that traditional bootloader / firmware claimed resources (e.g. acpi
>> reserved resources) do. These traditional resources are claimed for ever.
> I thought that at least on x86 there was a way for the kernel to reclaim
> memory set apart for an early framebuffer.
>> Where as these resources are claimed by the bootloader to keep the simplefb
>> it provides working, as soon as the simplefb is no longer used, they become
>> unused.
> Right. And when simplefb goes away it is because a real driver is taking
> over, in which case it will claim the resources explicitly.
>>> The copy and paste is for code that's platform specific. The clocks have
>>> different names, resets are different, supplies are different. The fact
>>> that many can currently use the same driver is likely just coincidence
>>> rather than design and it's entirely possible that at some point they'll
>>> add support for a more advanced feature that makes them incompatible
>>> with the rest of the generic drivers. And then you have a big mess
>>> because you need to add quirks all over the place.
>>> And this isn't all that far off-topic, since simplefb also needs to deal
>>> with this kind of situation. And what I've been arguing is that in order
>>> to really be generic it has to make assumptions, one of which is that it
>>> uses only resources that it doesn't need to explicitly handle.
>> I can understand that you're worried about generic ?hci drivers dealing with
>> clocks / resets / etc. As there may be strict ordering requirements there,
>> but for simplefb that is not the case.
>> All we're asking for is for a way to communicate 2 things to the kernel:
>> 1) These resources are in use (we are not asking the kernel to do anything
>> with them, rather the opposite, we're asking to leave them alone so no
>> ordering issues)
> Right. That's the issue that needs to be solved. We still only disagree
> on how it should be solved.
>> 2) Tie these resources to simplefb so that the kernel can know when they
>> are no longer in use, and it may e.g. re-use the memory
> For the memory there shouldn't be a problem because it's already in the
> DT node anyway. It has to be there so that simplefb knows where to write
> to.

The memory information currently in the dt node is not complete enough to
reclaim memory, e.g. the sunxi driver always reserves 8M, but the simplefb
reg entry only describes the part actually used for the framebuffer.

> For all the other resources, if 1) is solved properly then 2) becomes a
> non-issue.
>> To me the most logical and also most "correct" way of modelling this is to
>> put the resources inside the simplefb dt node.
> Except that simplefb isn't a real device, so there's a hard time
> justifying its existence in DT as it is. Claiming resources from a
> virtual device doesn't sound correct to me at all.

Yet you want it to claim memory that does not seem consistent to me.

>>>> The key word here is "the used resources" to me this is not about simlefb
>>>> managing resources, but marking them as used as long as it needs them, like
>>>> it will need to do for the reserved mem chunk.
>>> The difference between the clocks and the memory resource is that the
>>> driver needs to directly access the memory (it needs to map it and
>>> provide a userspace mapping for it) whereas it doesn't need to touch the
>>> clocks (except to workaround a Linux-specific implementation detail).
>> Erm, no, the need to map the memory and the memory being a resource
>> which may be released are an orthogonal problem. E.g. a system with
>> dedicated framebuffer memory won't need to use a reserved main-memory
>> chunk, nor need to worry about returning that mem when simplefb is no
>> longer in use.
> I would think the memory should still be reserved anyway to make sure
> nothing else is writing over it. And it's in the device tree anyway
> because the driver needs to know where to put framebuffer content.

No, the address were to write framebuffer contents currently is in the
simplefb node, not the actually backing memory info. I can fully see
some crazy hardware where a chunk of main memory is reserved for some
funky video engine, and then that chunk of memory gets accessed through
io-mem addresses for framebuffer access (e.g. the hardware may need this
to know when the fb is dirtied).

> So
> the point I was trying to make is that we can't treat the memory in the
> same way as clocks because it needs to be explicitly managed. Whereas
> clocks don't. The driver is simply too generic to know what to do with
> the clocks. It doesn't know what frequency they should be running at or
> what they're used for, so by any definition of what DT should describe
> they're useless for this virtual device.

I don't see why you keep insisting that the memory is so special, it is
just another resource which we need to claim, and tie to the simplefb node
so that it can be re-used (or disabled) when simplefb is no longer used
(it could e.g. be unbound explicitly on headless systems).

> Furthermore it's fairly likely that as your kernel support progresses
> you'll find that the driver all of a sudden needs to manage some other
> type of resource that you just haven't needed until now because it may
> default to being always on. Then you'll have a hard time keeping
> backwards-compatibility and will have to resort to the kinds of hacks
> that you don't want to see in the kernel.

kernel support? This is about u-boot's video code and the simplefb bindings.

> So it really boils down to the DT needing to describe a complete device
> with all the dependencies. And just clocks aren't the complete
> description. But if you want the complete description then you're going
> to need a complete driver as well and simplefb is out of the picture
> anyway.

Yes we eventually need a full kernel driver, with its own bindings, that
is not what this is about.

> Once again, the current, basic form of the binding allows for a
> completely generic implementation of the driver because it makes
> assumptions about firmware setting things up the right way so that the
> driver doesn't have to.

Except that it does not work because it does not claim the necessary

We seem to be at a point where this discussion is just going in circles,
and since there seems to be no reasonable alternative to the proposed
solution of adding the clocks to the simplefb node, can you please just
stop blocking progress on this?

Your objection to this has been duly noted, but no one is forcing you or
other people to actually use the clocks property in your implementation
of simplefb. So if your 101% certain that this is a bad idea, can you
please just let us (the sunxi people) make our own mistakes and learn
from those ? As we actually plan to use the clocks property, we will be
the ones which will have to deal with any issues. For the record, I
don't think this is a bad idea myself, but that just brings us full
circle again.

I'm willing to look into just marking the clocks as used, instead of
actually enabling them.



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