[PATCH v7 00/11] kernel: Add support for restart handler call chain

Guenter Roeck linux at roeck-us.net
Sat Aug 23 17:17:55 PDT 2014

On 08/23/2014 04:00 PM, Heiko Stübner wrote:
> Am Samstag, 23. August 2014, 09:35:05 schrieb Guenter Roeck:
>> On Tue, Aug 19, 2014 at 05:45:27PM -0700, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>>> Various drivers implement architecture and/or device specific means
>>> to restart (reset) the system. Various mechanisms have been implemented
>>> to support those schemes. The best known mechanism is arm_pm_restart,
>>> which is a function pointer to be set either from platform specific code
>>> or from drivers. Another mechanism is to use hardware watchdogs to issue
>>> a reset; this mechanism is used if there is no other method available
>>> to reset a board or system. Two examples are alim7101_wdt, which currently
>>> uses the reboot notifier to trigger a reset, and moxart_wdt, which
>>> registers the arm_pm_restart function. Several other restart drivers for
>>> arm, all directly calling arm_pm_restart, are in the process of being
>>> integrated into the kernel. All those drivers would benefit from the new
>>> API.
>>> The existing mechanisms have a number of drawbacks. Typically only one
>>> scheme to restart the system is supported (at least if arm_pm_restart is
>>> used). At least in theory there can be multiple means to restart the
>>> system, some of which may be less desirable (for example one mechanism
>>> may only reset the CPU, while another may reset the entire system). Using
>>> arm_pm_restart can also be racy if the function pointer is set from a
>>> driver, as the driver may be in the process of being unloaded when
>>> arm_pm_restart is called.
>>> Using the reboot notifier is always racy, as it is unknown if and when
>>> other functions using the reboot notifier have completed execution
>>> by the time the watchdog fires.
>>> Introduce a system restart handler call chain to solve the described
>>> problems. This call chain is expected to be executed from the
>>> architecture specific machine_restart() function. Drivers providing
>>> system restart functionality (such as the watchdog drivers mentioned
>>> above) are expected to register with this call chain. By using the
>>> priority field in the notifier block, callers can control restart handler
>>> execution sequence and thus ensure that the restart handler with the
>>> optimal restart capabilities for a given system is called first.
>>> Since the first revision of this patchset, a number of separate patch
>>> submissions have been made which either depend on it or could make use of
>>> it.
>>> http://www.spinics.net/linux/lists/arm-kernel/msg344796.html
>>> 	registers three notifiers.
>>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/7/8/962
>>> 	would benefit from it.
>>> Patch 1 of this series implements the restart handler function. Patches 2
>>> and 3 implement calling the restart handler chain from arm and arm64
>>> restart code.
>>> Patch 4 modifies the restart-poweroff driver to no longer call
>>> arm_pm_restart directly but machine_restart. This is done to avoid
>>> calling arm_pm_restart from more than one place. The change makes the
>>> driver architecture independent, so it would be possible to drop the arm
>>> dependency from its Kconfig entry.
>>> Patch 5 and 6 convert existing restart handlers in the watchdog subsystem
>>> to use the restart handler. Patch 7 unexports arm_pm_restart to ensure
>>> that no one gets the idea to implement a restart handler as module.
>>> The entire patch series, including additional patches depending on it,
>>> is available from
>>> https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/groeck/linux-staging.git/
>>> in branch 'restart-staging'.
>> Hi Andrew,
>> I think this series is ready for upstream integration. Question now
>> is how we should proceed to get it actually integrated.
>> I can see a number of options:
>> - You take patch #1, the rest goes in through maintainer trees.
> I don't think you can split the patches like this. Patch1 introduces
> (un)register_restart_handler functions used by later patches in the series.
> You therefore cannot really split the series, as otherwise you would get build
> failures in the individual trees.
No, it would simply delay integration of the entire series by a release
or two. First two patches go in first, then #3 and #4, then the rest.

I don't like that option too much either, but it is better than nothing.


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