[PATCH] arm64: optimize memcpy_{from,to}io() and memset_io()

Will Deacon will.deacon at arm.com
Mon Aug 4 02:57:19 PDT 2014

On Sat, Aug 02, 2014 at 02:38:34AM +0100, Joonwoo Park wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 01, 2014 at 09:32:46AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Fri, Aug 01, 2014 at 07:30:09AM +0100, Joonwoo Park wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jul 29, 2014 at 11:28:26PM -0700, Joonwoo Park wrote:
> > > > Optimize memcpy_{from,to}io() and memset_io() by transferring in 64 bit
> > > > as much as possible with minimized barrier usage.  This simplest optimization
> > > > brings faster throughput compare to current byte-by-byte read and write with
> > > > barrier in the loop.  Code's skeleton is taken from the powerpc.
> > 
> > Hmm, I've never really understood the use-case for memcpy_{to,from}io on
> > ARM, so getting to the bottom of that would help in reviewing this patch.
> > 
> > Can you point me at the drivers which are using this for ARM please? Doing a
> Sure.  This peripheral-loader.c driver now moved under drivers/soc/ so it
> can be used for ARM and ARM64.
> https://android.googlesource.com/kernel/msm.git/+/db34f44bcba24345d26b8a4b8137cf94d70afa73/arch/arm/mach-msm/peripheral-loader.c
> static int load_segment(const struct elf32_phdr *phdr, unsigned num, struct pil_device *pil)
> {
> <snip>
> 	while (count > 0) {
> 		int size;
> 		u8 __iomem *buf;
> 		size = min_t(size_t, IOMAP_SIZE, count);
> 		buf = ioremap(paddr, size);
> 	}
> 	<snip>
> 	memset(buf, 0, size);
> <snip>

Right, but that code doesn't exist in mainline afaict.

> As you can see the function load_segment() does ioremap() followed by
> memset() and memcpy() which can cause unaligned multi-byte (maybe ARM64
> traps 8byte unaligned access?) write to device memory.
> Because of this I was fixing the driver to use memset_io() and memcpy_io()
> but the existing implementations were too slow compare to the one I'm
> proposing.
> > blind byte-by-byte copy could easily cause problems with some peripherals,
> > so there must be an underlying assumption somewhere about how this is
> > supposed to work.
> Would you mind to explain more about the problem with byte-by-byte copying
> you're worried about?
> I thought byte-by-byte copy always safe with regard to aligned access and
> that's the reason existing implementation does byte-by-byte copy.
> I can imagine there are some peripherals don't allow per-byte access.  But
> if that is the case, should they not use memset_io() and
> memcpy_{from,to}io() anyway?

Yes, if somebody tried to use memset_io to zero a bunch of control
registers, for example, you'd likely get a bunch of aborts because the
endpoint would give you a SLVERR for a byte-access to a word register.

It just seems like the expected usage of this function should be documented
somewhere to avoid it becoming highly dependent on the architecture.


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