[PATCH v2 19/27] pci: PCIe driver for Marvell Armada 370/XP systems

Thomas Petazzoni thomas.petazzoni at free-electrons.com
Tue Jan 29 03:00:36 EST 2013

Bjorn, Jason,

On Mon, 28 Jan 2013 22:55:08 -0700, Jason Gunthorpe wrote:

> > There's no Linux requirement that multiple PCIe interfaces appear to
> > be in the same hierarchy.  You can just use pci_scan_root_bus()
> > separately on each interface.  Each interface can be in its own domain
> > if necessary.
> What you suggest is basically what the Marvell driver did originally,
> the probelm is that Linux requires a pre-assigned aperture for each
> PCI domain/root bus, and these new chips have so many PCI-E ports that
> they can exhaust the physical address space, and also a limited
> internal HW resource for setting address routing.
> Thus they require resource allocation that is sensitive to the devices
> present downstream.
> By far the simplest solution is to merge all the physical links into a
> single domain and rely on existing PCI resource allocation code to
> drive allocation of scarce physical address space and demand allocate
> the HW routing resource (specifically there are enough resources to
> accomidate MMIO only devices on every bus, but not enough to
> accomidate MMIO and IO on every bus).
> > > +/*
> > > + * For a given PCIe interface (represented by a mvebu_pcie_port
> > > + * structure), we read the PCI configuration space of the
> > > + * corresponding PCI-to-PCI bridge in order to find out which range of
> > > + * I/O addresses and memory addresses have been assigned to this PCIe
> > > + * interface. Using these informations, we set up the appropriate
> > > + * address decoding windows so that the physical address are actually
> > > + * resolved to the right PCIe interface.
> > > + */
> > 
> > Are you inferring the host bridge apertures by using the resources
> > assigned to devices under the bridge, i.e., taking the union of all
> The flow is different, a portion of physical address space is set
> aside for use by PCI-E (via DT) and that portion is specified in the
> struct resource's ultimately attached to the PCI domain for the bus
> scan. You could call that the 'host bridge aperture' though it doesn't
> reflect any HW configuration at all. The values come from the device
> tree.
> During the bus scan the Linux core code splits up that contiguous
> space and assigns to the PCI-PCI bridges and devices under that domain.
> Each physical PCI-E link on the chip is seen by Linux through the SW
> emulated PCI-PCI bridge attached to bus 0. When Linux configures the
> bridge windows it triggers this code here to copy that window
> information from the PCI config space into non-standard internal HW
> registers.
> The purpose of the SW PCI-PCI bridge and this code here is to give
> the Linux PCI core control over the window (MMIO,IO,busnr) assigned
> to the PCI-E link.
> This arrangement with PCI-PCI bridges controlling address routing is
> part of the PCI-E standard, in this instance Marvell did not implement
> the required config space in HW so the driver is working around that
> deficiency.
> Other drivers, like tegra have a similar design, but their hardware
> does implement PCI-PCI bridge configuration space and does drive
> address decoding through the HW PCI-PCI window registers.
> Having PCI-E links be bridges, not domains/root_bus's is in-line with
> the standard and works better with the Linux PCI resource allocator.

Thanks a lot Jason for this explanation, I couldn't have explained it
as clearly as you did.

Bjorn, does Jason's reply answers your questions? Or do you need other


Thomas Petazzoni, Free Electrons
Kernel, drivers, real-time and embedded Linux
development, consulting, training and support.

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