[PATCH v4 0/4] ARM: OMAP2+: AM33XX: VDD CORE OPP50 support

Russ Dill Russ.Dill at ti.com
Thu Aug 29 12:10:51 EDT 2013

On Thu, Aug 29, 2013 at 8:17 AM, Kevin Hilman <khilman at linaro.org> wrote:
> Russ Dill <Russ.Dill at ti.com> writes:
>> On Tue, Aug 27, 2013 at 3:44 PM, Kevin Hilman <khilman at linaro.org> wrote:
>>> [+Mark Brown for regulator suspend sequence ideas]
>>> Russ Dill <Russ.Dill at ti.com> writes:
>>>> On Wed, Aug 14, 2013 at 6:38 AM, Jan Lübbe <jlu at pengutronix.de> wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, 2013-08-13 at 15:20 -0700, Russ Dill wrote:
>> [snip]
>>>>> Shouldn't the TPS driver know how to generate this sequence? It seems
>>>>> fragile to do voltage adjustments behind the back of the regulator
>>>>> framework and the TPS driver. The wake-sequence values should match the
>>>>> (in-memory) regulator configuration on resume (which may have been
>>>>> changed by DVFS).
>>>> The sequence is both PMIC specific and board specific. Additionally,
>>>> the PMICs used aren't am335x specific. It would be nice to have the
>>>> regulator framework and the driver write all this out, but the
>>>> sequence is written out by the Cortex-M3 processor running some PM
>>>> firmware. Even if the code was changed to run on the A8, it'd have to
>>>> run from a small piece of SRAM.
>>> So, why/how was the decision made to use the M3 instead of the MPU
>>> running from SRAM?
>>> As a firmware minimalist, I obviously prefer to do this from the MPU
>>> side.  But also, because the M3 is reset every suspend sequence, this
>>> becomes rather heavy to do from the M3.
>> After the feedback Vaibhav Bedia received on v2 of his suspend/resume
>> patchset for am335x, he decided to move many of the operations from
>> sleep33xx.S into the M3 firmware.
>> See the commit message here:
>> http://arago-project.org/git/projects/?p=am33x-cm3.git;a=commit;h=a972ce2f6
> Was this feedback on the public lists?  That patch has never been posted
> to linux-omap AFAICT.
>> I need to wait until after the PLLs are put into bypass, which is now
>> done in the M3 firmware. It also ends up being a lot easier to write
>> the I2C writer code there in C rather than in assembly in sleep33xx.S.
> hmm, (carefully) written functions in C can still be copied to SRAM.  I
> dont' see that as an obstacle.
>>> Currently voltage scaling is only being proposed for suspend in this
>>> series, but in theory it's possible from idle as well.  Doing this from
>>> the MPU/SRAM seems much better suited for idle.
>> The M3 firmware will also handle any cpuidle modes deeper than just
>> putting SDRAM into self refresh. This is actually the only way of
>> doing things like turning the MPU domain off on am335x.
> Yes, it will have to handle the MPU/interconnect off parts but other
> than that, that's the only thing it *has* to do (well, and handle wakeup
> from the deep state.)  The rest of the stuff being piled into the M3 is
> a result of software/firmware design decisions AFAICT.  As I predicted
> when I first saw this SoC design, the firmware is getting bigger and
> bigger.  Initially it was argued that it would be tiny, and only handle
> the things it had to do.  Now it's growing due to "convenience".  IMO,
> this is a bad trend, and one that will make this code more and more
> difficult to maintain upstream (assuming that's a goal.)

Do you mean upstream as in the firmware upstream, or upstream as in
the kernel upstream? Upstream kernel is really easy to maintain
because sleep33xx.S just puts the SDRAM into self-refresh.

The code to perform these transitions is going to exist, either in
kernel or in firmware. If you are looking for this to be maintainable
C code that is copied into SRAM, it will need to be built much like a
firmware, with it's elf sections being copied into SRAM properly. I'm
not sure how much it complicates things, but the code needs to be able
to run with the MMU on and MMU off. The C code would be a minimalized
duplication of much of what is already in mach-omap2. Because you are
proposing to split this up between A8 and M3, much of that code would
then be duplicated again within the M3 firmware.

And don't forget that am335x is just the first platform with such a PM scheme.

Because the M3 firmware already has to manage power domains, hwmods,
plls, and clockdomains, adding or removing which ones it handles
doesn't really change the size or complexity of the firmware. In fact,
because so much of the code is common code, moving this into kernel
would just mean making two copies of the firmware with different steps
to be run, one for the A8 SRAM, one for the M3.

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