pci-mvebu driver on km_kirkwood

Gerlando Falauto gerlando.falauto at keymile.com
Mon Aug 26 10:49:23 EDT 2013

Hi Thierry,

On 08/26/2013 02:02 PM, Thierry Reding wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 26, 2013 at 11:27:06AM +0200, Gerlando Falauto wrote:
>> Hi guys [particularly Jason and Thierry],
>> sorry for the prolonged silence, here I am back again...
>> On 08/09/2013 04:01 PM, Thierry Reding wrote:
>>> On Wed, Jul 31, 2013 at 02:50:34PM -0600, Jason Gunthorpe wrote:
>>>> On Wed, Jul 31, 2013 at 11:00:45AM +0200, Thomas Petazzoni wrote:
>>>>>> Actually, the main reason for trying to use this driver was because I
>>>>>> wanted to model a PCIe *device* within the device tree, so to expose its
>>>>>> GPIOs and IRQs to be referenced (through phandles) from other device
>>>>>> tree nodes. The way I understand it, turns out this is not the way to
>>>>>> go, as PCI/PCIe are essentially enumerated busses, so you're not
>>>>>> supposed to -and it's not a trivial task to- put any information about
>>>>>> real devices within the device tree.
>>>>>> Do you have any suggestion about that?
>>>>> Indeed, PCI/PCIe devices are enumerated dynamically, so they are not
>>>>> listed in the Device Tree, so there's no way to "attach" more
>>>>> information to them.
>>>>> Device Tree people, any suggestion about the above question?
>>>> No, that isn't true.
>>>> Device tree can include the discovered PCI devices, you have to use
>>>> the special reg encoding and all that weirdness, but it does work. The
>>>> of_node will be attached to the struct pci device automatically.
>> So you mean that, assuming I knew the topology, I could populate the
>> device tree in advance (e.g. statically), so that it already
>> includes *devices* which will be further discovered during probing?
>> Or else you mean the {firmware,u-boot} can do that prior to starting the OS?
>> If either of the above is true, could you please suggest some
>> example (or some way to get one)?
>> I assume the "reg" property (and the after-"@" node name) will need
>> to encode (at least) the device number, is that right?
>> I tried reading the "PCI Bus Binding to Open Firmware" but I could
>> not make complete sense out of it...
> You can find an example of this here:
> 	https://gitorious.org/thierryreding/linux/commit/b85c03d73288f6e376fc158ceac30f29680b4192

Thanks for your precious feedback. Unfortunately gitorious' servers are 
offline right now... :-(

> It's been quite some time that I've actually tested that, but it used to
> work properly. What you basically need to do is represent the whole bus
> hierarchy within the DT. In the above example there's the top-level root
> port (pci at 1,0), which provides a bus (1) on which there's a switch named
> pci at 0,0. That switch provides another bus (2) on which more devices are
> listed (pci@[012345],0). Those are all downstream ports providing
> separate busses again and have a single device attached to them.
> You can pretty much arbitrarily nest nodes that way to represent any
> hierarchy you want. The tricky part is to get the node numbering right
> but `lspci -t' helps quite a bit with that.

One last question though... what does then the numbering ("@a,b") stand 
for? I assume if the output of a plain (i.e. no params) 'lspci' is

bb:dd.f (bus:device.function)

I should only have a "pci at dd,f" node, with the bus numbering being 
imposed by the hierarchy after an actual probing, right?
So the actual bus number is never listed in the device tree (whereas the 
"@device,function" is). Is that right?

>>>> It is useful for exactly the reason stated - you can describe GPIOs,
>>>> I2C busses, etc, etc in DT and then upon load of the PCI driver engage
>>>> the DT code to populate and connect all that downstream
>>>> infrastructure.
>> I'm not 100% sure I made myself clear though.
>> What I would like to do is to have *other* parts of the device tree
>> be able to reference (i.e., connect to, through phandles) a PCI
>> device (because it provides a GPIO, for instance).
>> Is that also what you mean?
> Yes. In the example above you'll see that there's actually a GPIO
> controller (pci at 1,0/pci at 0,0/pci at 2,0/pci at 0,0), so you could simply
> associate a phandle with it, as in:
> 	gpioext: pci at 0,0 {
> 		...
> 	};
> And then hook up other devices to it using the regular notation:
> 	foo {
> 		...
> 		enable-gpios = <&gpioext 0 0>;
> 		...
> 	};
> That's not done in this example but I've actually used something very
> similar to that on an x86 platform to hook up the reset pin of an I2C
> touchscreen controller to a GPIO controller, where both the I2C and
> GPIO controllers were on the PCI bus.
> I can't find that snippet right now, but I can look more thoroughly if
> the above doesn't help you at all.
> Thierry

I guess I'll have to wait until gitorious.org actually does come back 
up... then you'll definitely hear from me again. :-)


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