[PATCH v4 5/6] clocksource: armada-370-xp: Fix device-tree binding

Ezequiel Garcia ezequiel.garcia at free-electrons.com
Sat Aug 17 12:38:49 EDT 2013

On Fri, Aug 16, 2013 at 05:29:00PM -0600, Stephen Warren wrote:
> On 08/15/2013 10:27 AM, Ezequiel Garcia wrote:
> ...
> > Armada XP
> > ---------
> > 
> > Two clock sources are available for timer and watchdog counters:
> > 
> > Just as explained for the Armada 370, the timer and watchdog counters decrement
> > rate is a configurable ratio of the L2/coherency fabric clock.
> > The current clocksource driver implementation chooses an abritrary ratio.
> > 
> > In addition to this, both timer and watchdog counter rate can be configured
> > to use an (internal) 25 MHz fixed clock.
> So there are clearly two clocks fed into the HW block here. The DT
> should reflect that.


> > However, and as explained in this patchset, using the letter fixed clock is in
> > practice the only choice. Once CPUFreq support is implemented for the
> > Armada XP SoC the L2/coherency fabric clock will change its rate, and handling
> > such change will be problematic.
> It's not mandatory for an OS to implement cpufreq, so it'd be quite
> possible to still use that variable-rate clock on some HW. What SW
> may-or-may-not do on HW isn't something that should feed into the DT
> binding design.


> > Maybe the most accurate representation would be something like this...
> > 
> > timer {
> > 	compatible = "marvell,armada-xp-timer";
> > 	reg = ...
> > 	interrupts = ...
> > 	clocks = ... /* either 25 MHz fixed clock
> > 	              * or L2/coherency fabric clock */
> > };
> I think better would be:
> clocks = <&xxx ...> <&yyy ...>;
> clock-names = "fabric", "fixed";
> In the documentation for this HW block, there's a register that switches
> between the two clock sources. What names are used for the clocks in the
> documentation of that register? Those names should be used for
> clock-names entries.

Strictly speaking the documentation says the timer/watchdog counters
are incremented at a configurable rate of the "coherency fabric clock".

In addition, there's a register bit that enables/disables a
"25Mhz frequency" rate for each timer/watchdog.

The names between "" are the names used in the documentation: "coherency
fabric clock" and "25Mhz frequency" (yes, it's odd).

> Is the fact that one of "fabric" and "fixed" is variable and one
> fixed-rate more a facet of the integration of the IP block into the SoC,
> and not forced by the design of the IP block itself? If so, perhaps
> you'd want some additional properties indicating which of those clocks
> was fixed and which was variable, which would allow SW to make
> intelligent decisions re: which to use. Perhaps it can be assumed this
> information can be queried from the source of the clock though?

Not sure about this, but I think I agree with Tomasz Figa in that
this kind of details can be inside the driver.

Ezequiel García, Free Electrons
Embedded Linux, Kernel and Android Engineering

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