Enable arm_global_timer for Zynq brakes boot

Daniel Lezcano daniel.lezcano at linaro.org
Tue Aug 6 04:46:54 EDT 2013

On 08/06/2013 03:28 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
> Hi Daniel,
> On Thu, Aug 01, 2013 at 07:48:04PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>> On 08/01/2013 07:43 PM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
>>> On Thu, Aug 01, 2013 at 07:29:12PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>> On 08/01/2013 01:38 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
>>>>> On Thu, Aug 01, 2013 at 01:01:27AM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>>>> On 08/01/2013 12:18 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
>>>>>>> On Wed, Jul 31, 2013 at 11:08:51PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>>>>>> On 07/31/2013 10:58 PM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
>>>>>>>>> On Wed, Jul 31, 2013 at 10:49:06PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> On 07/31/2013 12:34 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jul 30, 2013 at 10:47:15AM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>> On 07/30/2013 02:03 AM, Sören Brinkmann wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Hi Daniel,
>>>>>>>>>>>>> On Mon, Jul 29, 2013 at 02:51:49PM +0200, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>> (snip)
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> the CPUIDLE_FLAG_TIMER_STOP flag tells the cpuidle framework the local
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> timer will be stopped when entering to the idle state. In this case, the
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> cpuidle framework will call clockevents_notify(ENTER) and switches to a
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> broadcast timer and will call clockevents_notify(EXIT) when exiting the
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> idle state, switching the local timer back in use.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> I've been thinking about this, trying to understand how this makes my
>>>>>>>>>>>>> boot attempts on Zynq hang. IIUC, the wrongly provided TIMER_STOP flag
>>>>>>>>>>>>> would make the timer core switch to a broadcast device even though it
>>>>>>>>>>>>> wouldn't be necessary. But shouldn't it still work? It sounds like we do
>>>>>>>>>>>>> something useless, but nothing wrong in a sense that it should result in
>>>>>>>>>>>>> breakage. I guess I'm missing something obvious. This timer system will
>>>>>>>>>>>>> always remain a mystery to me.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Actually this more or less leads to the question: What is this
>>>>>>>>>>>>> 'broadcast timer'. I guess that is some clockevent device which is
>>>>>>>>>>>>> common to all cores? (that would be the cadence_ttc for Zynq). Is the
>>>>>>>>>>>>> hang pointing to some issue with that driver?
>>>>>>>>>>>> If you look at the /proc/timer_list, which timer is used for broadcasting ?
>>>>>>>>>>> So, the correct run results (full output attached).
>>>>>>>>>>> The vanilla kernel uses the twd timers as local timers and the TTC as
>>>>>>>>>>> broadcast device:
>>>>>>>>>>> 	Tick Device: mode:     1                                                         
>>>>>>>>>>> 	Broadcast device  
>>>>>>>>>>> 	Clock Event Device: ttc_clockevent
>>>>>>>>>>> When I remove the offending CPUIDLE flag and add the DT fragment to
>>>>>>>>>>> enable the global timer, the twd timers are still used as local timers
>>>>>>>>>>> and the broadcast device is the global timer:
>>>>>>>>>>> 	Tick Device: mode:     1                                                         
>>>>>>>>>>> 	Broadcast device                                                                 
>>>>>>>>>>> 	Clock Event Device: arm_global_timer
>>>>>>>>>>> Again, since boot hangs in the actually broken case, I don't see way to
>>>>>>>>>>> obtain this information for that case.
>>>>>>>>>> Can't you use the maxcpus=1 option to ensure the system to boot up ?
>>>>>>>>> Right, that works. I forgot about that option after you mentioned, that
>>>>>>>>> it is most likely not that useful.
>>>>>>>>> Anyway, this are those sysfs files with an unmodified cpuidle driver and
>>>>>>>>> the gt enabled and having maxcpus=1 set.
>>>>>>>>> /proc/timer_list:
>>>>>>>>> 	Tick Device: mode:     1
>>>>>>>>> 	Broadcast device
>>>>>>>>> 	Clock Event Device: arm_global_timer
>>>>>>>>> 	 max_delta_ns:   12884902005
>>>>>>>>> 	 min_delta_ns:   1000
>>>>>>>>> 	 mult:           715827876
>>>>>>>>> 	 shift:          31
>>>>>>>>> 	 mode:           3
>>>>>>>> Here the mode is 3 (CLOCK_EVT_MODE_ONESHOT)
>>>>>>>> The previous timer_list output you gave me when removing the offending
>>>>>>>> cpuidle flag, it was 1 (CLOCK_EVT_MODE_SHUTDOWN).
>>>>>>>> Is it possible you try to get this output again right after onlining the
>>>>>>>> cpu1 in order to check if the broadcast device switches to SHUTDOWN ?
>>>>>>> How do I do that? I tried to online CPU1 after booting with maxcpus=1
>>>>>>> and that didn't end well:
>>>>>>> 	# echo 1 > online && cat /proc/timer_list 
>>>>>> Hmm, I was hoping to have a small delay before the kernel hangs but
>>>>>> apparently this is not the case... :(
>>>>>> I suspect the global timer is shutdown at one moment but I don't
>>>>>> understand why and when.
>>>>>> Can you add a stack trace in the "clockevents_shutdown" function with
>>>>>> the clockevent device name ? Perhaps, we may see at boot time an
>>>>>> interesting trace when it hangs.
>>>>> I did this change:
>>>>> 	diff --git a/kernel/time/clockevents.c b/kernel/time/clockevents.c
>>>>> 	index 38959c8..3ab11c1 100644
>>>>> 	--- a/kernel/time/clockevents.c
>>>>> 	+++ b/kernel/time/clockevents.c
>>>>> 	@@ -92,6 +92,8 @@ void clockevents_set_mode(struct clock_event_device *dev,
>>>>> 	  */
>>>>> 	 void clockevents_shutdown(struct clock_event_device *dev)
>>>>> 	 {
>>>>> 	+       pr_info("ce->name:%s\n", dev->name);
>>>>> 	+       dump_stack();
>>>>> 	        clockevents_set_mode(dev, CLOCK_EVT_MODE_SHUTDOWN);
>>>>> 	        dev->next_event.tv64 = KTIME_MAX;
>>>>> 	 }
>>>>> It is hit a few times during boot, so I attach a full boot log. I really
>>>>> don't know what to look for, but I hope you can spot something in it. I
>>>>> really appreciate you taking the time.
>>>> Thanks for the traces.
>>> Sure.
>>>> If you try without the ttc_clockevent configured in the kernel (but with
>>>> twd and gt), does it boot ?
>>> Absence of the TTC doesn't seem to make any difference. It hangs at the
>>> same location.
>> Ok, IMO there is a problem with the broadcast device registration (may
>> be vs twd).
>> I will check later (kid duty) :)
> I was actually waiting for an update from your side and did something
> else, but I seem to have run into this again. I was overhauling the
> cadence_ttc (patch attached, based on tip/timers/core). And it seems to
> show the same behavior as enabling the global_timer. With cpuidle off, it
> works. With cpuidle, on it hangs. Removing the TIMER_STOP flag from the
> C2 state makes it boot again.
> It works just fine on our 3.10 kernel.

This is not necessary related to the bug. If the patch you sent broke
the cadence_ttc driver, when you use it (with the TIMER_STOP), you will
be stuck. Removing the flag, may signifies you don't use the broadcast
timer, hence the bug is not surfacing.

Going back to the bug with the arm_global_timer, what is observed is the
broadcast timer is *shutdown* when the second cpu is online.

I have to dig into the kernel/time/clockevents.c|tick-*.c because IMO
the issue is coming from there but before I have to reproduce the bug,
so find a board I have where I can add the arm_global_timer.

> Another thing I noticed - probably unrelated but hard to tell: On
> 3.11-rc1 and later my system stops for quite some time at the hand off
> to userspace. I.e. I see the 'freeing unused kernel memory...' line and
> sometimes the following 'Welcome to Buildroot...' and then it stops and
> on good kernels it continues after a while and boots through and on bad
> ones it just hangs there.

did you try to dump the stacks with magic-sysrq ? Or git bisect ?

 <http://www.linaro.org/> Linaro.org │ Open source software for ARM SoCs

Follow Linaro:  <http://www.facebook.com/pages/Linaro> Facebook |
<http://twitter.com/#!/linaroorg> Twitter |
<http://www.linaro.org/linaro-blog/> Blog

More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list