Simply disabling MMU in cpu_v7_reset doesn't work for kexec
Russell King - ARM Linux
linux at arm.linux.org.uk
Wed Apr 21 17:39:40 EDT 2010
On Wed, Apr 21, 2010 at 10:10:17PM +0100, Jamie Lokier wrote:
> Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> > On Wed, Apr 21, 2010 at 09:19:06PM +0800, Eric Miao wrote:
> > > On Wed, Apr 21, 2010 at 9:18 PM, Eric Miao <eric.y.miao at gmail.com> wrote:
> > > > Tried the following simple code to disable MMU in cpu_v7_reset() doesn't
> > > > seem to work for kexec reboot. I was expecting the following instructions
> > > > after MMU is disabled are still reachable in the instruction fetching pipe.
> > > >
> > >
> > > .align 5
> > > ENTRY(cpu_v7_reset)
> > > + mrc p15, 0, r1, c1, c0, 0 @ ctrl register
> > > + bic r1, r1, #0x0001 @ ...............m
> > > + mcr p15, 0, r1, c1, c0, 0 @ disable MMU
> > > + mcr p15, 0, ip, c8, c7, 0 @ invalidate I and D TLBs
> > > mov pc, r0
> > > ENDPROC(cpu_v7_reset)
> > The procedure expected here is:
> > 1. invalidate caches
> > 2. drain buffers
> > 3. invalidate TLBs
> > 4. disable MMU et.al.
> > 5. jump to the address in r0.
> > The reason this is permitted is because cpu_v7_proc_fin _must_ be called
> > before hand, which is expected to disable all interrupts, and flush and
> > disable the caches.
> Isn't step 1 above redundant, because caches are already disabled and
No, because they're flushed _then_ disabled, so there will be some cache
valid lines lurking about.
> > It might be worth given the speculative behaviour of V7 to also invalidate
> > TLBs after a dsb and isb after step 4 instead of before step 4 - and (iirc)
> > also doing an isb after invalidating the TLBs.
> Mightn't the CPU refill one entry in the TLB between steps 3 and 4,
> just by fetching the instructions - even non-speculatively?
> Fwiw, the lengthy patch here:
> does exactly this in the ARMv7 part:
> 1. Turn off MMU and caches (one mcr).
> 2. Clean and flush caches.
> 3. Invalidate TLBs.
> 4. Invalidate BTC.
> 5. DSB.
> 6. ISB.
> 7. Return to caller / destination.
> I don't know if it expects the final instructions to be direct-mapped.
They must be direct mapped, because it's not clearly defined exactly
when the MMU will be disabled in the above sequence.
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