[RFC 2/2] mmc: meson-mx-sdio: Add a driver for the Amlogic Meson8 and Meson8b SoCs

Ulf Hansson ulf.hansson at linaro.org
Wed Jun 7 09:15:36 PDT 2017

>> [...]
>>> +static void meson_mx_mmc_apply_ios(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_ios *ios)
>>> +{
>>> +       struct meson_mx_mmc_slot *slot = mmc_priv(mmc);
>>> +       unsigned long clk_rate = ios->clock;
>>> +       int ret;
>>> +
>>> +       switch (ios->bus_width) {
>>> +       case MMC_BUS_WIDTH_1:
>>> +               meson_mx_mmc_mask_bits(mmc, MESON_MX_SDIO_CONF,
>>> +                                      MESON_MX_SDIO_CONF_BUS_WIDTH, 0);
>>> +               break;
>>> +
>>> +       case MMC_BUS_WIDTH_4:
>>> +               meson_mx_mmc_mask_bits(mmc, MESON_MX_SDIO_CONF,
>>> +                                      MESON_MX_SDIO_CONF_BUS_WIDTH,
>>> +                                      MESON_MX_SDIO_CONF_BUS_WIDTH);
>>> +               break;
>>> +
>>> +       case MMC_BUS_WIDTH_8:
>>> +       default:
>>> +               dev_err(mmc_dev(mmc), "unsupported bus width: %d\n",
>>> +                       ios->bus_width);
>>> +               slot->error = -EINVAL;
>>> +               return;
>>> +       }
>>> +
>>> +       if (clk_rate) {
>>> +               if (WARN_ON(clk_rate > mmc->f_max))
>>> +                       clk_rate = mmc->f_max;
>>> +               else if (WARN_ON(clk_rate < mmc->f_min))
>>> +                       clk_rate = mmc->f_min;
>>> +
>>> +               ret = clk_set_rate(slot->host->cfg_div_clk, ios->clock);
>>> +               if (ret) {
>>> +                       dev_warn(mmc_dev(mmc),
>>> +                                "failed to set MMC clock to %lu: %d\n",
>>> +                               clk_rate, ret);
>>> +                       slot->error = ret;
>>> +                       return;
>>> +               }
>>> +
>>> +               mmc->actual_clock = clk_get_rate(slot->host->cfg_div_clk);
>>> +       }
>> In some cases the mmc core request the clock rate to be zero (to gate
>> the clock) which is needed to for example switch to UHS speed mode. If
>> you intend to support that, you need to manage this at this point.
> thanks for the explanation - unfortunately the lack of a datasheet
> which properly describes the clocks makes this a bit hard to
> implement.
> the vendor driver simply ignores any set_ios request with clock = 0
> it seems that there is also no dedicated "stop clock" bit (and we only
> have a clock divider). all I could find is FORCE_HALT (bit 30 in the
> IRQC register), where the vendor driver explains: "Force halt SDIO by
> software. Halt in this sdio host controller means stop to transmit or
> receive data from sd card. and then sd card clock will be shutdown.
> Software can force to halt anytime, and hardware will automatically
> halt the sdio when reading fifo is full or writing fifo is empty"
> should I simply remove that if (...) and try to assign 0 to the clock anyways?

I am not sure. Perhaps you are left with clk_disable_unprepare(), and
hope no other is using the clock.

Although, I suggest you address this as separate change on top.


>>> +       if (!(cmd->flags & MMC_RSP_CRC))
>>> +               send |= MESON_MX_SDIO_SEND_RESP_WITHOUT_CRC7;
>>> +
>>> +       if (cmd->flags & MMC_RSP_BUSY)
>>> +               send |= MESON_MX_SDIO_SEND_CHECK_DAT0_BUSY;
>> In case the controller has HW support of busy detection, please
>> consider to enable MMC_CAP_WAIT_WHILE_BUSY for this driver. Then also
>> assign host->max_busy_timeout a good value.
> the IRQS register has bit 4 (CMD_BUSY) - but apart from that there is
> no other documentation (about timeout values, etc.). the vendor driver
> also neither uses MMC_CAP_WAIT_WHILE_BUSY nor host->max_busy_timeout
> should I leave this as it is?

Please don't just leave it as is. This is an important thing to get right.

You should be able to explore this area and see how the controller
behaves without too much of documentation. Regarding timeouts, it may
very well be that the controller don't have a timeout, which is why
you need a software timeout. That's not so uncommon actually.


>>> +static void meson_mx_mmc_set_ios(struct mmc_host *mmc, struct mmc_ios *ios)
>>> +{
>>> +       struct meson_mx_mmc_slot *slot = mmc_priv(mmc);
>>> +
>>> +       if (spin_trylock(&slot->host->lock)) {
>>> +               /*
>>> +                * only apply the mmc_ios if we are idle to not break any
>>> +                * ongoing transfer. in case we are busy meson_mx_mmc_start_cmd
>>> +                * will take care of applying the mmc_ios later on.
>>> +                */
>>> +               if (slot->host->status == MESON_MX_MMC_STATUS_IDLE)
>>> +                       meson_mx_mmc_apply_ios(mmc, ios);
>> No this doesn't work!
>> In case the status != MESON_MX_MMC_STATUS_IDLE or if the attempt to
>> take the lock fails, you will just silently ignore to set the new ios
>> settings.
>> The mmc core implements the mmc/sd/sdio specifications, so when you
>> return from the ->set_ios() host ops, the mmc core relies on the host
>> to have applied the settings to conform the the specs. You can not
>> delay that to a later point.
> OK, I did not know that this was part of the mmc/sd/sdio spec
> the problem I (and the vendor driver) was trying to solve here is the
> fact that we could end up with a call chain like this:
> - slot0.set_ios(400 kHz)
> - slot1.set_ios(50 MHz)
> - slot0.request(cmd)
> - slot1.request(cmd)
> (or anything else, where the IOS change between the .set_ios and
> .request invocation of the same slot)
> the main problem here is that the clock divider register bits are
> shared across all slots!
> can I simply always apply the IOS here in .set_ios and then still
> re-apply them in .request() if needed?

Thinking more about this, and the answer is unfortunately *no*.

The mmc core uses mmc_claim|release_host() to get exclusive access to
operate the host via the host ops callbacks.

For some cases, that involves a sequence of commands/requests being
carried out via invoking to the host ops. During some of these
sequences, one can definitely not allow to change ios, because another
host/slot needs it in between. That will break the protocol - for

This also make me realize that the few other host drivers. which tries
to supports multiple slots are all broken. On the other side, that
just confirms my doubt about this; this is just a theoretical thing
one want to support or used in environments that doesn't requires
"product quality".

So to be able to support "multiple slots", we need to teach the mmc
core about hosts that supports multiple slots. This needs to be done
in a way that mmc_claim_host() gets exclusive right to run a host, but
without other hosts sharing the same controller are allowed to run

It shouldn't be that hard to implement, although I strongly recommend
you to address this in a second step. In other words, I suggest you to
drop the entire multiple slot support in the first step, then we can
deal with that on top instead.


>>> +static void meson_mx_mmc_enable_sdio_irq(struct mmc_host *mmc, int enable)
>>> +{
>>> +       struct meson_mx_mmc_slot *slot = mmc_priv(mmc);
>>> +       unsigned long irqflags;
>>> +
>>> +       spin_lock_irqsave(&slot->host->irq_lock, irqflags);
>>> +
>>> +       meson_mx_mmc_mask_bits(mmc, MESON_MX_SDIO_MULT,
>>> +                              MESON_MX_SDIO_MULT_PORT_SEL_MASK,
>>> +                              FIELD_PREP(MESON_MX_SDIO_MULT_PORT_SEL_MASK,
>>> +                                         slot->id));
>>> +
>>> +       /* ACK pending interrupt */
>>> +       meson_mx_mmc_mask_bits(mmc, MESON_MX_SDIO_IRQS,
>>> +                              MESON_MX_SDIO_IRQS_IF_INT,
>>> +                              MESON_MX_SDIO_IRQS_IF_INT);
>>> +
>>> +       meson_mx_mmc_mask_bits(mmc, MESON_MX_SDIO_IRQC,
>>> +                              MESON_MX_SDIO_IRQC_ARC_IF_INT_EN,
>>> +                              enable ? MESON_MX_SDIO_IRQC_ARC_IF_INT_EN : 0);
>>> +
>>> +       if (enable)
>>> +               slot->host->sdio_irq_slot = slot;
>>> +       else
>>> +               slot->host->sdio_irq_slot = NULL;
>> This looks weird. You support up to three slots per host, but only one
>> can do sdio_irq?
>> BTW, what happens if there are is a ongoing data transfer on an SD
>> card slot, while there is an SDIO irq raised on the SDIO card slot? Do
>> you cope with this correctly?
> good question indeed. I guess I'll remove SDIO interrupt support for
> now as I am not sure how this is supposed to work in the vendor driver
> (which just uses the last active slot to figure out if there was an
> SDIO interrupt)

If you drop the multiple slot support, this should be easier to
verify. However, if you prefer adding it in step on top, I am of
course fine with that as well.


>> [...]
>> Another overall comment, which relates to the host locking mechanism
>> and the problem with ->set_ios(). Perhaps you can look into how the
>> cavium mmc driver has solved the similar problems as it also manages
>> several slots per host.
> thank your for the hint with the cavium driver. using a semaphore to
> serialize the requests of multiple slots seems a good idea too.
> to avoid a "broken by design" RFC v2, can you please give me some more
> details how the cavium driver code matches with the mmc/sd/sdio spec
> and the mmc framework?

Unfortunate no, you will have to ask the cavium folkz about these
details. However, it may very well be that this is also broken,
according to my comments about multiple slot support.

> as I explained above the clock divider and bus-width register bits are
> shared across all slots. so if one device operates in 1-bit mode while
> the other uses 4-bit mode (or different clock rates, it just doesn't
> matter) then we need to make sure that these settings stay the same
> between .set_ios() and .request, until the request is completed
> (regardless of whether that was successful or not/a timeout occurred).
> from what I can read in the cavium driver (where the situation seems
> to be the same), it uses acquire_bus() at the beginning of
> .set_ios/.request and release_bus() at the end of it and keeping a
> backup of the registers which are modified during .set_ios. once it
> switches to a different slot it restores the register values for the
> new slot (this can also happen in .request). this solves the problem
> of keeping the correct IOS when switching slots at any point

Yes, then it seems like also this driver is broken.

> however, what I don't understand so far is how it synchronizes the
> access to the CMD response bits which are read in the interrupt. what
> if slot0 sends a command, then right after that (before the the card
> in slot0 replied) slot1 sends a command -> how is it going to know to
> which slot the response belongs? (I am facing the same problem with
> the the meson-mx-sdio driver, the solution is to allow only one
> request at a time and queue all other requests -> I am not sure if
> this is good solution though)

I assume the lock is held throughout the entire period serving a
request. However that doesn't cover all scenarios, as explained above.

Kind regards

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