[PATCH 0/3] warn and suppress irqflood

Guilherme Piccoli gpiccoli at canonical.com
Mon Oct 26 16:28:33 EDT 2020

On Mon, Oct 26, 2020 at 4:59 PM Thomas Gleixner <tglx at linutronix.de> wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 26 2020 at 12:06, Guilherme Piccoli wrote:
> > On Sun, Oct 25, 2020 at 8:12 AM Pingfan Liu <kernelfans at gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > Some time ago (2 years) we faced a similar issue in x86-64, a hard to
> > debug problem in kdump, that eventually was narrowed to a buggy NIC FW
> > flooding IRQs in kdump kernel, and no messages showed (although kernel
> > changed a lot since that time, today we might have better IRQ
> > handling/warning). We tried an early-boot fix, by disabling MSIs (as
> > per PCI spec) early in x86 boot, but it wasn't accepted - Bjorn asked
> > pertinent questions that I couldn't respond (I lost the reproducer)
> > [0].
> ...
> > [0] lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/20181018183721.27467-1-gpiccoli at canonical.com
> With that broken firmware the NIC continued to send MSI messages to the
> vector/CPU which was assigned to it before the crash. But the crash
> kernel has no interrupt descriptor for this vector installed. So Liu's
> patches wont print anything simply because the interrupt core cannot
> detect it.
> To answer Bjorns still open question about when the point X is:
>   https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/20181023170343.GA4587@bhelgaas-glaptop.roam.corp.google.com/
> It gets flooded right at the point where the crash kernel enables
> interrupts in start_kernel(). At that point there is no device driver
> and no interupt requested. All you can see on the console for this is
>  "common_interrupt: $VECTOR.$CPU No irq handler for vector"
> And contrary to Liu's patches which try to disable a requested interrupt
> if too many of them arrive, the kernel cannot do anything because there
> is nothing to disable in your case. That's why you needed to do the MSI
> disable magic in the early PCI quirks which run before interrupts get
> enabled.
> Also Liu's patch only works if:
>   2) the runaway interrupt has been requested by the relevant driver in
>      the dump kernel.
> Especially #1 is not a sensible restriction.
> Thanks,
>         tglx

Wow, thank you very much for this great explanation (without a
reproducer) - it's nice to hear somebody that deeply understands the
code! And double thanks for CCing Bjorn.

So, I don't want to hijack Liu's thread, but do you think it makes
sense to have my approach as a (debug) parameter to prevent such a
degenerate case? Or could we have something in core IRQ code to
prevent irq flooding in such scenarios, something "stronger" than
disabling MSIs (APIC-level, likely)?



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