[PATCH v13 0/8] support reserving crashkernel above 4G on arm64 kdump
bhupesh.linux at gmail.com
Wed Nov 11 14:41:33 EST 2020
On Wed, Nov 11, 2020 at 7:05 PM chenzhou <chenzhou10 at huawei.com> wrote:
> Hi Baoquan, Bhupesh,
> On 2020/11/11 11:01, Baoquan He wrote:
> > Hi Zhou, Bhupesh
> > On 10/31/20 at 03:44pm, Chen Zhou wrote:
> >> There are following issues in arm64 kdump:
> >> 1. We use crashkernel=X to reserve crashkernel below 4G, which
> >> will fail when there is no enough low memory.
> >> 2. If reserving crashkernel above 4G, in this case, crash dump
> >> kernel will boot failure because there is no low memory available
> >> for allocation.
> >> 3. Since commit 1a8e1cef7603 ("arm64: use both ZONE_DMA and ZONE_DMA32"),
> >> if the memory reserved for crash dump kernel falled in ZONE_DMA32,
> >> the devices in crash dump kernel need to use ZONE_DMA will alloc
> >> fail.
> > I went through this patchset, mainly the x86 related and generic
> > changes, the changes look great and no risk. And I know Bhupesh is
> > following up this and helping review, thanks, both.
> > So you have also tested crashkernel reservation on x86_64, with the
> > normal reservation, and high/low reservation, it is working well,
> > right? Asking this because I didn't see the test result description, and
> > just note it.
> Yeah, i also tested on x86_64 and work well. I did these basic tests before sending every
> new version.
> But Bhupesh may have some review comments(Bhupesh referred one month ago).
Sorry for the late response. I was caught up in some other urgent
issues. I have just started reviewing
this series and will have more updates in a day or two. I am also
testing the same on x86_64 and arm64 machines and will share the test
observations soon as well.
Thanks for your patience.
> >> To solve these issues, change the behavior of crashkernel=X.
> >> crashkernel=X tries low allocation in DMA zone (or the DMA32 zone if
> >> CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is disabled), and fall back to high allocation if it fails.
> >> We can also use "crashkernel=X,high" to select a high region above
> >> DMA zone, which also tries to allocate at least 256M low memory in
> >> DMA zone automatically (or the DMA32 zone if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is disabled).
> >> "crashkernel=Y,low" can be used to allocate specified size low memory.
> >> When reserving crashkernel in high memory, some low memory is reserved
> >> for crash dump kernel devices. So there may be two regions reserved for
> >> crash dump kernel.
> >> In order to distinct from the high region and make no effect to the use
> >> of existing kexec-tools, rename the low region as "Crash kernel (low)",
> >> and pass the low region by reusing DT property
> >> "linux,usable-memory-range". We made the low memory region as the last
> >> range of "linux,usable-memory-range" to keep compatibility with existing
> >> user-space and older kdump kernels.
> >> Besides, we need to modify kexec-tools:
> >> arm64: support more than one crash kernel regions(see )
> >> Another update is document about DT property 'linux,usable-memory-range':
> >> schemas: update 'linux,usable-memory-range' node schema(see )
> >> This patchset contains the following eight patches:
> >> 0001-x86-kdump-replace-the-hard-coded-alignment-with-macr.patch
> >> 0002-x86-kdump-make-the-lower-bound-of-crash-kernel-reser.patch
> >> 0003-x86-kdump-use-macro-CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX-in-functions-.patch
> >> 0004-x86-kdump-move-reserve_crashkernel-_low-into-crash_c.patch
> >> 0005-arm64-kdump-introduce-some-macroes-for-crash-kernel-.patch
> >> 0006-arm64-kdump-reimplement-crashkernel-X.patch
> >> 0007-arm64-kdump-add-memory-for-devices-by-DT-property-li.patch
> >> 0008-kdump-update-Documentation-about-crashkernel.patch
> >> 0001-0003 are some x86 cleanups which prepares for making
> >> functionsreserve_crashkernel[_low]() generic.
> >> 0004 makes functions reserve_crashkernel[_low]() generic.
> >> 0005-0006 reimplements arm64 crashkernel=X.
> >> 0007 adds memory for devices by DT property linux,usable-memory-range.
> >> 0008 updates the doc.
> >> Changes since [v12]
> >> - Rebased on top of 5.10-rc1.
> >> - Keep CRASH_ALIGN as 16M suggested by Dave.
> >> - Drop patch "kdump: add threshold for the required memory".
> >> - Add Tested-by from John.
> >> Changes since [v11]
> >> - Rebased on top of 5.9-rc4.
> >> - Make the function reserve_crashkernel() of x86 generic.
> >> Suggested by Catalin, make the function reserve_crashkernel() of x86 generic
> >> and arm64 use the generic version to reimplement crashkernel=X.
> >> Changes since [v10]
> >> - Reimplement crashkernel=X suggested by Catalin, Many thanks to Catalin.
> >> Changes since [v9]
> >> - Patch 1 add Acked-by from Dave.
> >> - Update patch 5 according to Dave's comments.
> >> - Update chosen schema.
> >> Changes since [v8]
> >> - Reuse DT property "linux,usable-memory-range".
> >> Suggested by Rob, reuse DT property "linux,usable-memory-range" to pass the low
> >> memory region.
> >> - Fix kdump broken with ZONE_DMA reintroduced.
> >> - Update chosen schema.
> >> Changes since [v7]
> >> - Move x86 CRASH_ALIGN to 2M
> >> Suggested by Dave and do some test, move x86 CRASH_ALIGN to 2M.
> >> - Update Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt.
> >> Add corresponding documentation to Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt
> >> suggested by Arnd.
> >> - Add Tested-by from Jhon and pk.
> >> Changes since [v6]
> >> - Fix build errors reported by kbuild test robot.
> >> Changes since [v5]
> >> - Move reserve_crashkernel_low() into kernel/crash_core.c.
> >> - Delete crashkernel=X,high.
> >> - Modify crashkernel=X,low.
> >> If crashkernel=X,low is specified simultaneously, reserve spcified size low
> >> memory for crash kdump kernel devices firstly and then reserve memory above 4G.
> >> In addition, rename crashk_low_res as "Crash kernel (low)" for arm64, and then
> >> pass to crash dump kernel by DT property "linux,low-memory-range".
> >> - Update Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst.
> >> Changes since [v4]
> >> - Reimplement memblock_cap_memory_ranges for multiple ranges by Mike.
> >> Changes since [v3]
> >> - Add memblock_cap_memory_ranges back for multiple ranges.
> >> - Fix some compiling warnings.
> >> Changes since [v2]
> >> - Split patch "arm64: kdump: support reserving crashkernel above 4G" as
> >> two. Put "move reserve_crashkernel_low() into kexec_core.c" in a separate
> >> patch.
> >> Changes since [v1]:
> >> - Move common reserve_crashkernel_low() code into kernel/kexec_core.c.
> >> - Remove memblock_cap_memory_ranges() i added in v1 and implement that
> >> in fdt_enforce_memory_region().
> >> There are at most two crash kernel regions, for two crash kernel regions
> >> case, we cap the memory range [min(regs[*].start), max(regs[*].end)]
> >> and then remove the memory range in the middle.
> >> : http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/kexec/2020-June/020737.html
> >> : https://github.com/robherring/dt-schema/pull/19
> >> [v1]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/2/1174
> >> [v2]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/9/86
> >> [v3]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/9/306
> >> [v4]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/15/273
> >> [v5]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/5/6/1360
> >> [v6]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/30/142
> >> [v7]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/12/23/411
> >> [v8]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/5/21/213
> >> [v9]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/6/28/73
> >> [v10]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/7/2/1443
> >> [v11]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/8/1/150
> >> [v12]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/9/7/1037
> >> Chen Zhou (8):
> >> x86: kdump: replace the hard-coded alignment with macro CRASH_ALIGN
> >> x86: kdump: make the lower bound of crash kernel reservation
> >> consistent
> >> x86: kdump: use macro CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX in functions
> >> reserve_crashkernel()
> >> x86: kdump: move reserve_crashkernel[_low]() into crash_core.c
> >> arm64: kdump: introduce some macroes for crash kernel reservation
> >> arm64: kdump: reimplement crashkernel=X
> >> arm64: kdump: add memory for devices by DT property
> >> linux,usable-memory-range
> >> kdump: update Documentation about crashkernel
> >> Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst | 23 ++-
> >> .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 12 +-
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h | 15 ++
> >> arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h | 1 +
> >> arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c | 13 +-
> >> arch/arm64/mm/init.c | 105 ++++-------
> >> arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c | 4 +
> >> arch/x86/include/asm/kexec.h | 28 +++
> >> arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 153 +---------------
> >> include/linux/crash_core.h | 4 +
> >> include/linux/kexec.h | 2 -
> >> kernel/crash_core.c | 168 ++++++++++++++++++
> >> kernel/kexec_core.c | 17 --
> >> 13 files changed, 301 insertions(+), 244 deletions(-)
> >> --
> >> 2.20.1
> > .
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