[RFC] kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down

Matthew Garrett matthewgarrett at google.com
Mon Mar 18 12:51:39 PDT 2019


Systems in lockdown mode should block the kexec of untrusted kernels.
For x86 and ARM we can ensure that a kernel is trustworthy by validating
a PE signature, but this isn't possible on other architectures. On those
platforms we can use IMA digital signatures instead. Add a function to
determine whether IMA has or will verify signatures for a given event type,
and if so permit kexec_file() even if the kernel is otherwise locked down.
This is restricted to cases where CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING is set
in order to prevent an attacker from loading additional keys at runtime.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59 at google.com>
---
 include/linux/ima.h                 |  9 +++++
 kernel/kexec_file.c                 |  9 +++--
 security/integrity/ima/ima.h        |  3 ++
 security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c   |  2 +-
 security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ima.h b/include/linux/ima.h
index dc12fbcf484c..a78c04580a3c 100644
--- a/include/linux/ima.h
+++ b/include/linux/ima.h
@@ -132,4 +132,13 @@ static inline int ima_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry,
 	return 0;
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE) && defined(CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING)
+extern bool ima_appraise_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id func);
+#else
+static inline bool ima_appraise_kexec_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id func)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE && CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING */
 #endif /* _LINUX_IMA_H */
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file.c b/kernel/kexec_file.c
index 0cfe4f6f7f85..3598f93a731a 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_file.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_file.c
@@ -20,11 +20,11 @@
 #include <linux/mutex.h>
 #include <linux/list.h>
 #include <linux/fs.h>
-#include <linux/ima.h>
 #include <crypto/hash.h>
 #include <crypto/sha.h>
 #include <linux/elf.h>
 #include <linux/elfcore.h>
+#include <linux/ima.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
@@ -240,7 +240,12 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
 
 		ret = 0;
 
-		if (kernel_is_locked_down(reason)) {
+		/* If IMA is guaranteed to appraise a signature on the kexec
+		 * image, permit it even if the kernel is otherwise locked
+		 * down.
+		 */
+		if (!ima_appraise_signature(READING_KEXEC_IMAGE) &&
+		    kernel_is_locked_down(reason)) {
 			ret = -EPERM;
 			goto out;
 		}
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
index cc12f3449a72..93a6825bfcaf 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
 #include <linux/types.h>
 #include <linux/crypto.h>
 #include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/ima.h>
 #include <linux/security.h>
 #include <linux/hash.h>
 #include <linux/tpm.h>
@@ -115,6 +116,8 @@ struct ima_kexec_hdr {
 	u64 count;
 };
 
+extern const int read_idmap[];
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IMA_KEXEC
 void ima_load_kexec_buffer(void);
 #else
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
index 357edd140c09..927fe889201a 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
@@ -473,7 +473,7 @@ int ima_read_file(struct file *file, enum kernel_read_file_id read_id)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static const int read_idmap[READING_MAX_ID] = {
+const int read_idmap[READING_MAX_ID] = {
 	[READING_FIRMWARE] = FIRMWARE_CHECK,
 	[READING_FIRMWARE_PREALLOC_BUFFER] = FIRMWARE_CHECK,
 	[READING_MODULE] = MODULE_CHECK,
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
index 8bc8a1c8cb3f..bbd1d5b3d45a 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
 #include <linux/genhd.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 #include <linux/ima.h>
+#include <linux/evm.h>
 
 #include "ima.h"
 
@@ -1336,4 +1337,55 @@ int ima_policy_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
 	seq_puts(m, "\n");
 	return 0;
 }
+
 #endif	/* CONFIG_IMA_READ_POLICY */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE) && defined(CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING)
+/*
+ * ima_appraise_signature: whether IMA will appraise a given function using
+ * an IMA digital signature. This is restricted to cases where the kernel
+ * has a set of built-in trusted keys in order to avoid an attacker simply
+ * loading additional keys.
+ */
+bool ima_appraise_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id id)
+{
+	struct ima_rule_entry *entry;
+	bool found = false;
+	enum ima_hooks func;
+
+	if (id >= READING_MAX_ID)
+		return false;
+
+	func = read_idmap[id] ?: FILE_CHECK;
+
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, ima_rules, list) {
+		if (entry->action != APPRAISE)
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * A generic entry will match, but otherwise require that it
+		 * match the func we're looking for
+		 */
+		if (entry->func && entry->func != func)
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * We require this to be a digital signature, not a raw IMA
+		 * hash.
+		 */
+		if (entry->flags & IMA_DIGSIG_REQUIRED)
+			found = true;
+
+		/*
+		 * We've found a rule that matches, so break now even if it
+		 * didn't require a digital signature - a later rule that does
+		 * won't override it, so would be a false positive.
+		 */
+		break;
+	}
+
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+	return found;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE && CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING */
-- 
2.21.0.225.g810b269d1ac-goog




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