[PATCH v2 3/8] kexec: export PG_offline to VMCOREINFO

David Hildenbrand david at redhat.com
Mon Mar 11 02:55:41 PDT 2019


On 11.03.19 10:04, Dave Young wrote:
> Hi David,
> On 11/22/18 at 11:06am, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> Right now, pages inflated as part of a balloon driver will be dumped
>> by dump tools like makedumpfile. While XEN is able to check in the
>> crash kernel whether a certain pfn is actuall backed by memory in the
>> hypervisor (see xen_oldmem_pfn_is_ram) and optimize this case, dumps of
>> other balloon inflated memory will essentially result in zero pages getting
>> allocated by the hypervisor and the dump getting filled with this data.
>>
>> The allocation and reading of zero pages can directly be avoided if a
>> dumping tool could know which pages only contain stale information not to
>> be dumped.
>>
>> We now have PG_offline which can be (and already is by virtio-balloon)
>> used for marking pages as logically offline. Follow up patches will
>> make use of this flag also in other balloon implementations.
>>
>> Let's export PG_offline via PAGE_OFFLINE_MAPCOUNT_VALUE, so
>> makedumpfile can directly skip pages that are logically offline and the
>> content therefore stale. (we export is as a macro to match how it is
>> done for PG_buddy. This way it is clearer that this is not actually a flag
>> but only a very specific mapcount value to represent page types).
>>
>> Please note that this is also helpful for a problem we were seeing under
>> Hyper-V: Dumping logically offline memory (pages kept fake offline while
>> onlining a section via online_page_callback) would under some condicions
>> result in a kernel panic when dumping them.
>>
>> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
>> Cc: Dave Young <dyoung at redhat.com>
>> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov at linux.intel.com>
>> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe at redhat.com>
>> Cc: Omar Sandoval <osandov at fb.com>
>> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd at arndb.de>
>> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy at infradead.org>
>> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko at suse.com>
>> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst at redhat.com>
>> Cc: Lianbo Jiang <lijiang at redhat.com>
>> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp at alien8.de>
>> Cc: Kazuhito Hagio <k-hagio at ab.jp.nec.com>
>> Acked-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst at redhat.com>
>> Acked-by: Dave Young <dyoung at redhat.com>
>> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david at redhat.com>
>> ---
>>  kernel/crash_core.c | 2 ++
>>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/crash_core.c b/kernel/crash_core.c
>> index 933cb3e45b98..093c9f917ed0 100644
>> --- a/kernel/crash_core.c
>> +++ b/kernel/crash_core.c
>> @@ -464,6 +464,8 @@ static int __init crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init(void)
>>  	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE);
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
>>  	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR);
>> +#define PAGE_OFFLINE_MAPCOUNT_VALUE	(~PG_offline)
>> +	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PAGE_OFFLINE_MAPCOUNT_VALUE);
>>  #endif
>>  
>>  	arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo();
> 
> The patch has been merged, would you mind to send a documentation patch
> for the vmcoreinfo, which is added recently in Documentation/kdump/vmcoreinfo.txt
> 
> A brief description about how this vmcoreinfo field is used is good to
> have.
> 

Turns out, it was already documented

PG_lru|PG_private|PG_swapcache|PG_swapbacked|PG_slab|PG_hwpoision
|PG_head_mask|PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE(~PG_buddy)
|PAGE_OFFLINE_MAPCOUNT_VALUE(~PG_offline)
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Page attributes. These flags are used to filter various unnecessary for
dumping pages.


Thanks!

> Thanks
> Dave
> 


-- 

Thanks,

David / dhildenb



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