[PATCH v2 3/8] kexec: export PG_offline to VMCOREINFO

Dave Young dyoung at redhat.com
Mon Mar 11 02:04:02 PDT 2019


Hi David,
On 11/22/18 at 11:06am, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> Right now, pages inflated as part of a balloon driver will be dumped
> by dump tools like makedumpfile. While XEN is able to check in the
> crash kernel whether a certain pfn is actuall backed by memory in the
> hypervisor (see xen_oldmem_pfn_is_ram) and optimize this case, dumps of
> other balloon inflated memory will essentially result in zero pages getting
> allocated by the hypervisor and the dump getting filled with this data.
> 
> The allocation and reading of zero pages can directly be avoided if a
> dumping tool could know which pages only contain stale information not to
> be dumped.
> 
> We now have PG_offline which can be (and already is by virtio-balloon)
> used for marking pages as logically offline. Follow up patches will
> make use of this flag also in other balloon implementations.
> 
> Let's export PG_offline via PAGE_OFFLINE_MAPCOUNT_VALUE, so
> makedumpfile can directly skip pages that are logically offline and the
> content therefore stale. (we export is as a macro to match how it is
> done for PG_buddy. This way it is clearer that this is not actually a flag
> but only a very specific mapcount value to represent page types).
> 
> Please note that this is also helpful for a problem we were seeing under
> Hyper-V: Dumping logically offline memory (pages kept fake offline while
> onlining a section via online_page_callback) would under some condicions
> result in a kernel panic when dumping them.
> 
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Dave Young <dyoung at redhat.com>
> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov at linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe at redhat.com>
> Cc: Omar Sandoval <osandov at fb.com>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd at arndb.de>
> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy at infradead.org>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko at suse.com>
> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst at redhat.com>
> Cc: Lianbo Jiang <lijiang at redhat.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp at alien8.de>
> Cc: Kazuhito Hagio <k-hagio at ab.jp.nec.com>
> Acked-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst at redhat.com>
> Acked-by: Dave Young <dyoung at redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david at redhat.com>
> ---
>  kernel/crash_core.c | 2 ++
>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/crash_core.c b/kernel/crash_core.c
> index 933cb3e45b98..093c9f917ed0 100644
> --- a/kernel/crash_core.c
> +++ b/kernel/crash_core.c
> @@ -464,6 +464,8 @@ static int __init crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init(void)
>  	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PAGE_BUDDY_MAPCOUNT_VALUE);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
>  	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR);
> +#define PAGE_OFFLINE_MAPCOUNT_VALUE	(~PG_offline)
> +	VMCOREINFO_NUMBER(PAGE_OFFLINE_MAPCOUNT_VALUE);
>  #endif
>  
>  	arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo();

The patch has been merged, would you mind to send a documentation patch
for the vmcoreinfo, which is added recently in Documentation/kdump/vmcoreinfo.txt

A brief description about how this vmcoreinfo field is used is good to
have.

Thanks
Dave



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