[RFC v2 0/8] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation

Pavel Tatashin pasha.tatashin at soleen.com
Wed Jul 31 09:40:51 PDT 2019


On Wed, Jul 31, 2019 at 12:33 PM Mark Rutland <mark.rutland at arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> Generally, the cover letter should state up-front what the goal is (or
> what problem you're trying to solve). It would be really helpful to have
> that so that we understand what you're trying to achieve, and why.
>
> Messing with the MMU is often fraught with danger (and very painful to
> debug, as you are now aware), and so far we've tried to minimize the
> number of places where we have to do so.

Hi Mark,

I understand, this is why I first went another route of solving this
problem: pre-reserving contiguous memory, and avoid relocation
entirely (the same as what happens during crash reboot). But, that
solution was not accepted because it introduces a change to the common
code to solve ARM specific problem. So, James Morse, and other
suggested that I take a look at the root of the problem, and enable
MMU during relocation by doing what is already done during hibernate
restore.

>
> On Wed, Jul 31, 2019 at 11:38:49AM -0400, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > Changelog from previous RFC:
> > - Added trans_table support for both hibernate and kexec.
> > - Fixed performance issue, where enabling MMU did not yield the
> >   actual performance improvement.
> >
> > Bug:
> > With the current state, this patch series works on kernels booted with EL1
> > mode, but for some reason, when elevated to EL2 mode reboot freezes in
> > both QEMU and on real hardware.
> >
> > The freeze happens in:
> >
> > arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
> >       turn_on_mmu()
> >
> > Right after sctlr_el2 is written (MMU on EL2 is enabled)
> >
> >       msr     sctlr_el2, \tmp1
> >
> > I've been studying all the relevant control registers for EL2, but do not
> > see what might be causing this hang:
> >
> > MAIR_EL2 is set to be exactly the same as MAIR_EL1 0xbbff440c0400
> >
> > TCR_EL2        0x80843510
> > Enabled bits:
> > PS      Physical Address Size. (0b100   44 bits, 16TB.)
> > SH0     Shareability    11 Inner Shareable
> > ORGN0   Normal memory, Outer Write-Back Read-Allocate Write-Allocate Cach.
> > IRGN0   Normal memory, Inner Write-Back Read-Allocate Write-Allocate Cach.
> > T0SZ    01 0000
> >
> > SCTLR_EL2     0x30e5183f
> > RES1    : Reserve ones
> > M       : MMU enabled
> > A       : Align check
> > C       : Cacheability control
> > SA      : SP Alignment check enable
> > IESB    : Implicit Error Synchronization event
> > I       : Instruction access Cacheability
> >
> > TTBR0_EL2      0x1b3069000 (address of trans_table)
> >
> > Any suggestion of what else might be missing that causes this freeze when
> > MMU is enabled in EL2?
> >
> > =====
>
> > Here is the current data from the real hardware:
> > (because of bug, I forced EL1 mode by setting el2_switch always to zero in
> > cpu_soft_restart()):
> >
> > For this experiment, the size of kernel plus initramfs is 25M. If initramfs
> > was larger, than the improvements would be even greater, as time spent in
> > relocation is proportional to the size of relocation.
> >
> > Previously:
> > kernel shutdown       0.022131328s
> > relocation    0.440510736s
> > kernel startup        0.294706768s
>
> In total this takes ~0.76s...
>
> >
> > Relocation was taking: 58.2% of reboot time
> >
> > Now:
> > kernel shutdown       0.032066576s
> > relocation    0.022158152s
> > kernel startup        0.296055880s
>
> ... and this takes ~0.35s
>
> So do we really need this complexity for a few blinks of an eye?

Yes, we have an extremely tight reboot budget, 0.35s is not an acceptable waste.

>
> Thanks,
> Mark.



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