[RFC PATCH] kexec, x86/boot: map systab region in identity mapping before accessing it

Kairui Song kasong at redhat.com
Fri Apr 19 01:34:58 PDT 2019


The previous patch "x86/boot: Use efi_setup_data for searching RSDP on
kexec-ed kernels" always reset some machines. This is a follow up of
that patch.

The reason is, by default, the systab region is not mapped by the
identity mapping provided by kexec. So kernel will be accessing a not
mapped memory region and cause fault. But as kexec tend to pad the map
region up tp PUD or PMD size, the systab could be included in
the map by accident so it worked on some machines, but that will be
broken easily and unstable.

There are two approach to fix it, detect if the systab is mapped, and avoid
reading it if not. Another one is to ensure the region is map by either
check and map the systab in fisrt kernel before kexec. Or map the systab
in early code before reading it.

Mapping in the early code should cover every case (else boot from an
older kernel will also fail). This patch is a draft of implementing it.

Just added a helper (add_identity_map_pgd) which could be used to add
extra identity mapping in very early stage. And call it before reading
systab. There should be no need to unmap it as the early page table will
be discarded later.

But some refractoring is included, which introduced a lot of changes,
move some page table related code from kaslr_64.c to pgtable_64.c. If
the appraoch goes well could prepare a sperate clean up patches.

Signed-off-by: Kairui Song <kasong at redhat.com>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c       |   5 +
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr_64.c   | 109 +--------------------
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c       |   2 +
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h    |  11 +++
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c | 131 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h           |   8 +-
 6 files changed, 156 insertions(+), 110 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c
index 8cecce1ac0cd..a513b0f9bfda 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
 #define BOOT_CTYPE_H
 #include "misc.h"
 #include "error.h"
+#include "pgtable.h"
 #include "../string.h"
 
 #include <linux/numa.h>
@@ -134,6 +135,10 @@ static acpi_physical_address kexec_get_rsdp_addr(void)
 	if (!systab)
 		error("EFI system table not found in kexec boot_params.");
 
+	add_identity_map_pgd((unsigned long)systab,
+			     (unsigned long)systab + sizeof(*systab),
+			     early_boot_top_pgt);
+
 	return __efi_get_rsdp_addr((unsigned long)esd->tables, systab->nr_tables, true);
 }
 #else
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr_64.c
index 748456c365f4..ec7093e192bf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr_64.c
@@ -8,121 +8,21 @@
  * Copyright (C)      2016  Kees Cook
  */
 
-/*
- * Since we're dealing with identity mappings, physical and virtual
- * addresses are the same, so override these defines which are ultimately
- * used by the headers in misc.h.
- */
-#define __pa(x)  ((unsigned long)(x))
-#define __va(x)  ((void *)((unsigned long)(x)))
-
-/* No PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION support needed either: */
-#undef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION
-
 #include "misc.h"
-
-/* These actually do the work of building the kernel identity maps. */
-#include <asm/init.h>
-#include <asm/pgtable.h>
-/* Use the static base for this part of the boot process */
-#undef __PAGE_OFFSET
-#define __PAGE_OFFSET __PAGE_OFFSET_BASE
-#include "../../mm/ident_map.c"
+#include "pgtable.h"
 
 /* Used by pgtable.h asm code to force instruction serialization. */
 unsigned long __force_order;
 
-/* Used to track our page table allocation area. */
-struct alloc_pgt_data {
-	unsigned char *pgt_buf;
-	unsigned long pgt_buf_size;
-	unsigned long pgt_buf_offset;
-};
-
-/*
- * Allocates space for a page table entry, using struct alloc_pgt_data
- * above. Besides the local callers, this is used as the allocation
- * callback in mapping_info below.
- */
-static void *alloc_pgt_page(void *context)
-{
-	struct alloc_pgt_data *pages = (struct alloc_pgt_data *)context;
-	unsigned char *entry;
-
-	/* Validate there is space available for a new page. */
-	if (pages->pgt_buf_offset >= pages->pgt_buf_size) {
-		debug_putstr("out of pgt_buf in " __FILE__ "!?\n");
-		debug_putaddr(pages->pgt_buf_offset);
-		debug_putaddr(pages->pgt_buf_size);
-		return NULL;
-	}
-
-	entry = pages->pgt_buf + pages->pgt_buf_offset;
-	pages->pgt_buf_offset += PAGE_SIZE;
-
-	return entry;
-}
-
-/* Used to track our allocated page tables. */
-static struct alloc_pgt_data pgt_data;
-
 /* The top level page table entry pointer. */
 static unsigned long top_level_pgt;
 
-phys_addr_t physical_mask = (1ULL << __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT) - 1;
-
-/*
- * Mapping information structure passed to kernel_ident_mapping_init().
- * Due to relocation, pointers must be assigned at run time not build time.
- */
-static struct x86_mapping_info mapping_info;
-
 /* Locates and clears a region for a new top level page table. */
 void initialize_identity_maps(void)
 {
-	/* If running as an SEV guest, the encryption mask is required. */
-	set_sev_encryption_mask();
-
-	/* Exclude the encryption mask from __PHYSICAL_MASK */
-	physical_mask &= ~sme_me_mask;
-
-	/* Init mapping_info with run-time function/buffer pointers. */
-	mapping_info.alloc_pgt_page = alloc_pgt_page;
-	mapping_info.context = &pgt_data;
-	mapping_info.page_flag = __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC | sme_me_mask;
-	mapping_info.kernpg_flag = _KERNPG_TABLE;
-
-	/*
-	 * It should be impossible for this not to already be true,
-	 * but since calling this a second time would rewind the other
-	 * counters, let's just make sure this is reset too.
-	 */
-	pgt_data.pgt_buf_offset = 0;
-
-	/*
-	 * If we came here via startup_32(), cr3 will be _pgtable already
-	 * and we must append to the existing area instead of entirely
-	 * overwriting it.
-	 *
-	 * With 5-level paging, we use '_pgtable' to allocate the p4d page table,
-	 * the top-level page table is allocated separately.
-	 *
-	 * p4d_offset(top_level_pgt, 0) would cover both the 4- and 5-level
-	 * cases. On 4-level paging it's equal to 'top_level_pgt'.
-	 */
-	top_level_pgt = read_cr3_pa();
-	if (p4d_offset((pgd_t *)top_level_pgt, 0) == (p4d_t *)_pgtable) {
-		debug_putstr("booted via startup_32()\n");
-		pgt_data.pgt_buf = _pgtable + BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE;
-		pgt_data.pgt_buf_size = BOOT_PGT_SIZE - BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE;
-		memset(pgt_data.pgt_buf, 0, pgt_data.pgt_buf_size);
-	} else {
-		debug_putstr("booted via startup_64()\n");
-		pgt_data.pgt_buf = _pgtable;
-		pgt_data.pgt_buf_size = BOOT_PGT_SIZE;
-		memset(pgt_data.pgt_buf, 0, pgt_data.pgt_buf_size);
+	top_level_pgt = early_boot_top_pgt;
+	if ((p4d_t *)top_level_pgt != (p4d_t *)_pgtable)
 		top_level_pgt = (unsigned long)alloc_pgt_page(&pgt_data);
-	}
 }
 
 /*
@@ -141,8 +41,7 @@ void add_identity_map(unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
 		return;
 
 	/* Build the mapping. */
-	kernel_ident_mapping_init(&mapping_info, (pgd_t *)top_level_pgt,
-				  start, end);
+	add_identity_map_pgd(start, end, top_level_pgt);
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
index c0d6c560df69..6b3548080d15 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -345,6 +345,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *extract_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
 	const unsigned long kernel_total_size = VO__end - VO__text;
 	unsigned long virt_addr = LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR;
 
+	initialize_pgtable_alloc();
+
 	/* Retain x86 boot parameters pointer passed from startup_32/64. */
 	boot_params = rmode;
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
index 6ff7e81b5628..443df2b65fbf 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable.h
@@ -16,5 +16,16 @@ extern unsigned long *trampoline_32bit;
 
 extern void trampoline_32bit_src(void *return_ptr);
 
+extern struct alloc_pgt_data pgt_data;
+
+extern unsigned long early_boot_top_pgt;
+
+void *alloc_pgt_page(void *context);
+
+int add_identity_map_pgd(unsigned long pstart,
+			 unsigned long pend, unsigned long pgd);
+
+void initialize_pgtable_alloc(void);
+
 #endif /* __ASSEMBLER__ */
 #endif /* BOOT_COMPRESSED_PAGETABLE_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
index f8debf7aeb4c..cd36cf9e6a5c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c
@@ -1,9 +1,30 @@
+/*
+ * Since we're dealing with identity mappings, physical and virtual
+ * addresses are the same, so override these defines which are ultimately
+ * used by the headers in misc.h.
+ */
+#define __pa(x)  ((unsigned long)(x))
+#define __va(x)  ((void *)((unsigned long)(x)))
+
+/* No PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION support needed either: */
+#undef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION
+
+#include "misc.h"
+#include "pgtable.h"
+#include "../string.h"
+
 #include <linux/efi.h>
 #include <asm/e820/types.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h>
 #include <asm/efi.h>
-#include "pgtable.h"
-#include "../string.h"
+
+/* For handling early ident mapping */
+#include <asm/init.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+/* Use the static base for this part of the boot process */
+#undef __PAGE_OFFSET
+#define __PAGE_OFFSET __PAGE_OFFSET_BASE
+#include "../../mm/ident_map.c"
 
 /*
  * __force_order is used by special_insns.h asm code to force instruction
@@ -14,6 +35,28 @@
  */
 unsigned long __force_order;
 
+/* Used to track our page table allocation area. */
+struct alloc_pgt_data {
+	unsigned char *pgt_buf;
+	unsigned long pgt_buf_size;
+	unsigned long pgt_buf_offset;
+};
+
+/* Used to track our allocated page tables. */
+struct alloc_pgt_data pgt_data;
+
+/* Track the first loaded boot page table. */
+unsigned long early_boot_top_pgt;
+
+phys_addr_t physical_mask = (1ULL << __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT) - 1;
+
+/*
+ * Mapping information structure passed to kernel_ident_mapping_init().
+ * Due to relocation, pointers must be assigned at run time not build time.
+ */
+static struct x86_mapping_info mapping_info;
+
+/* For handling trampoline. */
 #define BIOS_START_MIN		0x20000U	/* 128K, less than this is insane */
 #define BIOS_START_MAX		0x9f000U	/* 640K, absolute maximum */
 
@@ -202,3 +245,87 @@ void cleanup_trampoline(void *pgtable)
 	/* Restore trampoline memory */
 	memcpy(trampoline_32bit, trampoline_save, TRAMPOLINE_32BIT_SIZE);
 }
+
+/*
+ * Allocates space for a page table entry, using struct alloc_pgt_data
+ * above. Besides the local callers, this is used as the allocation
+ * callback in mapping_info below.
+ */
+void *alloc_pgt_page(void *context)
+{
+	struct alloc_pgt_data *pages = (struct alloc_pgt_data *)context;
+	unsigned char *entry;
+
+	/* Validate there is space available for a new page. */
+	if (pages->pgt_buf_offset >= pages->pgt_buf_size) {
+		debug_putstr("out of pgt_buf in " __FILE__ "!?\n");
+		debug_putaddr(pages->pgt_buf_offset);
+		debug_putaddr(pages->pgt_buf_size);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	entry = pages->pgt_buf + pages->pgt_buf_offset;
+	pages->pgt_buf_offset += PAGE_SIZE;
+
+	return entry;
+}
+
+/* Locates and clears a region for update or create page table. */
+void initialize_pgtable_alloc(void)
+{
+	/* If running as an SEV guest, the encryption mask is required. */
+	set_sev_encryption_mask();
+
+	/* Exclude the encryption mask from __PHYSICAL_MASK */
+	physical_mask &= ~sme_me_mask;
+
+	/* Init mapping_info with run-time function/buffer pointers. */
+	mapping_info.alloc_pgt_page = alloc_pgt_page;
+	mapping_info.context = &pgt_data;
+	mapping_info.page_flag = __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC | sme_me_mask;
+	mapping_info.kernpg_flag = _KERNPG_TABLE;
+
+	/*
+	 * It should be impossible for this not to already be true,
+	 * but since calling this a second time would rewind the other
+	 * counters, let's just make sure this is reset too.
+	 */
+	pgt_data.pgt_buf_offset = 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * If we came here via startup_32(), cr3 will be _pgtable already
+	 * and we must append to the existing area instead of entirely
+	 * overwriting it.
+	 *
+	 * With 5-level paging, we use '_pgtable' to allocate the p4d page
+	 * table, the top-level page table is allocated separately.
+	 *
+	 * p4d_offset(early_boot_top_pgt, 0) would cover both the 4- and 5-level
+	 * cases. On 4-level paging it's equal to 'early_boot_top_pgt'.
+	 */
+
+	early_boot_top_pgt = read_cr3_pa();
+	early_boot_top_pgt = (unsigned long)p4d_offset(
+			(pgd_t *)early_boot_top_pgt, 0);
+	if ((p4d_t *)early_boot_top_pgt == (p4d_t *)_pgtable) {
+		debug_putstr("booted via startup_32()\n");
+		pgt_data.pgt_buf = _pgtable + BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE;
+		pgt_data.pgt_buf_size = BOOT_PGT_SIZE - BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE;
+		memset(pgt_data.pgt_buf, 0, pgt_data.pgt_buf_size);
+	} else {
+		debug_putstr("booted via startup_64()\n");
+		pgt_data.pgt_buf = _pgtable;
+		pgt_data.pgt_buf_size = BOOT_PGT_SIZE;
+		memset(pgt_data.pgt_buf, 0, pgt_data.pgt_buf_size);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper for mapping extra memory region in very early stage
+ * before extract and execute the actual kernel
+ */
+int add_identity_map_pgd(unsigned long pstart, unsigned long pend,
+			 unsigned long pgd)
+{
+	kernel_ident_mapping_init(&mapping_info, (pgd_t *)pgd, pstart, pend);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h
index 680c320363db..fb37eb98b65d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h
@@ -33,6 +33,8 @@
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
 # define BOOT_STACK_SIZE	0x4000
 
+/* Reserve one page for possible extra mapping requirement */
+# define BOOT_EXTRA_PGT_SIZE	(1*4096)
 # define BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE	(6*4096)
 # ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
 /*
@@ -43,12 +45,12 @@
  * Total is 19 pages.
  */
 #  ifdef CONFIG_X86_VERBOSE_BOOTUP
-#   define BOOT_PGT_SIZE	(19*4096)
+#   define BOOT_PGT_SIZE	((19 * 4096) + BOOT_EXTRA_PGT_SIZE)
 #  else /* !CONFIG_X86_VERBOSE_BOOTUP */
-#   define BOOT_PGT_SIZE	(17*4096)
+#   define BOOT_PGT_SIZE	((17 * 4096) + BOOT_EXTRA_PGT_SIZE)
 #  endif
 # else /* !CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE */
-#  define BOOT_PGT_SIZE		BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE
+#  define BOOT_PGT_SIZE		(BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE + BOOT_EXTRA_PGT_SIZE)
 # endif
 
 #else /* !CONFIG_X86_64 */
-- 
2.20.1




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