[PATCH 1/3] arm64: kdump: support reserving crashkernel above 4G

Mike Rapoport rppt at linux.ibm.com
Thu Apr 4 07:46:19 PDT 2019


Hi,

On Wed, Apr 03, 2019 at 11:05:44AM +0800, Chen Zhou wrote:
> When crashkernel is reserved above 4G in memory, kernel should
> reserve some amount of low memory for swiotlb and some DMA buffers.
> 
> Kernel would try to allocate at least 256M below 4G automatically
> as x86_64 if crashkernel is above 4G. Meanwhile, support
> crashkernel=X,[high,low] in arm64.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Chen Zhou <chenzhou10 at huawei.com>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c |  3 ++
>  arch/arm64/mm/init.c      | 71 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  2 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
> index 413d566..82cd9a0 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
> @@ -243,6 +243,9 @@ static void __init request_standard_resources(void)
>  			request_resource(res, &kernel_data);
>  #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
>  		/* Userspace will find "Crash kernel" region in /proc/iomem. */
> +		if (crashk_low_res.end && crashk_low_res.start >= res->start &&
> +		    crashk_low_res.end <= res->end)
> +			request_resource(res, &crashk_low_res);
>  		if (crashk_res.end && crashk_res.start >= res->start &&
>  		    crashk_res.end <= res->end)
>  			request_resource(res, &crashk_res);
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> index 6bc1350..ceb2a25 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
> @@ -64,6 +64,57 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstart_addr);
>  phys_addr_t arm64_dma_phys_limit __ro_after_init;
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
> +static int __init reserve_crashkernel_low(void)
> +{
> +	unsigned long long base, low_base = 0, low_size = 0;
> +	unsigned long total_low_mem;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	total_low_mem = memblock_mem_size(1UL << (32 - PAGE_SHIFT));
> +
> +	/* crashkernel=Y,low */
> +	ret = parse_crashkernel_low(boot_command_line, total_low_mem, &low_size, &base);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		/*
> +		 * two parts from lib/swiotlb.c:
> +		 * -swiotlb size: user-specified with swiotlb= or default.
> +		 *
> +		 * -swiotlb overflow buffer: now hardcoded to 32k. We round it
> +		 * to 8M for other buffers that may need to stay low too. Also
> +		 * make sure we allocate enough extra low memory so that we
> +		 * don't run out of DMA buffers for 32-bit devices.
> +		 */
> +		low_size = max(swiotlb_size_or_default() + (8UL << 20), 256UL << 20);
> +	} else {
> +		/* passed with crashkernel=0,low ? */
> +		if (!low_size)
> +			return 0;
> +	}
> +
> +	low_base = memblock_find_in_range(0, 1ULL << 32, low_size, SZ_2M);
> +	if (!low_base) {
> +		pr_err("Cannot reserve %ldMB crashkernel low memory, please try smaller size.\n",
> +				(unsigned long)(low_size >> 20));
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = memblock_reserve(low_base, low_size);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_err("%s: Error reserving crashkernel low memblock.\n", __func__);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	pr_info("Reserving %ldMB of low memory at %ldMB for crashkernel (System RAM: %ldMB)\n",
> +			(unsigned long)(low_size >> 20),
> +			(unsigned long)(low_base >> 20),
> +			(unsigned long)(total_low_mem >> 20));
> +
> +	crashk_low_res.start = low_base;
> +	crashk_low_res.end   = low_base + low_size - 1;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * reserve_crashkernel() - reserves memory for crash kernel
>   *
> @@ -74,19 +125,28 @@ phys_addr_t arm64_dma_phys_limit __ro_after_init;
>  static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
>  {
>  	unsigned long long crash_base, crash_size;
> +	bool high = false;
>  	int ret;
>  
>  	ret = parse_crashkernel(boot_command_line, memblock_phys_mem_size(),
>  				&crash_size, &crash_base);
>  	/* no crashkernel= or invalid value specified */
> -	if (ret || !crash_size)
> -		return;
> +	if (ret || !crash_size) {
> +		/* crashkernel=X,high */
> +		ret = parse_crashkernel_high(boot_command_line, memblock_phys_mem_size(),
> +				&crash_size, &crash_base);
> +		if (ret || !crash_size)
> +			return;
> +		high = true;
> +	}
>  
>  	crash_size = PAGE_ALIGN(crash_size);
>  
>  	if (crash_base == 0) {
>  		/* Current arm64 boot protocol requires 2MB alignment */
> -		crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(0, ARCH_LOW_ADDRESS_LIMIT,
> +		crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(0,
> +				high ? memblock_end_of_DRAM()
> +				: ARCH_LOW_ADDRESS_LIMIT,
>  				crash_size, SZ_2M);
>  		if (crash_base == 0) {
>  			pr_warn("cannot allocate crashkernel (size:0x%llx)\n",
> @@ -112,6 +172,11 @@ static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
>  	}
>  	memblock_reserve(crash_base, crash_size);
>  
> +	if (crash_base >= SZ_4G && reserve_crashkernel_low()) {
> +		memblock_free(crash_base, crash_size);
> +		return;
> +	}
> +

This very reminds what x86 does. Any chance some of the code can be reused
rather than duplicated?

>  	pr_info("crashkernel reserved: 0x%016llx - 0x%016llx (%lld MB)\n",
>  		crash_base, crash_base + crash_size, crash_size >> 20);
>  
> -- 
> 2.7.4
> 

-- 
Sincerely yours,
Mike.




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