[PATCH 0/4 V3] Support kdump for AMD secure memory encryption(SME)

Baoquan He bhe at redhat.com
Thu Jun 21 00:30:07 PDT 2018


On 06/21/18 at 11:18am, lijiang wrote:
> 在 2018年06月21日 09:21, Baoquan He 写道:
> > On 06/16/18 at 04:27pm, Lianbo Jiang wrote:
> >> It is convenient to remap the old memory encrypted to the second kernel by
> >> calling ioremap_encrypted().
> >>
> >> When sme enabled on AMD server, we also need to support kdump. Because
> >> the memory is encrypted in the first kernel, we will remap the old memory
> >> encrypted to the second kernel(crash kernel), and sme is also enabled in
> >> the second kernel, otherwise the old memory encrypted can not be decrypted.
> >> Because simply changing the value of a C-bit on a page will not
> >> automatically encrypt the existing contents of a page, and any data in the
> >> page prior to the C-bit modification will become unintelligible. A page of
> >> memory that is marked encrypted will be automatically decrypted when read
> >> from DRAM and will be automatically encrypted when written to DRAM.
> >>
> >> For the kdump, it is necessary to distinguish whether the memory is
> >> encrypted. Furthermore, we should also know which part of the memory is
> >> encrypted or decrypted. We will appropriately remap the memory according
> >> to the specific situation in order to tell cpu how to deal with the
> >> data(encrypted or decrypted). For example, when sme enabled, if the old
> >> memory is encrypted, we will remap the old memory in encrypted way, which
> >> will automatically decrypt the old memory encrypted when we read those data
> >> from the remapping address.
> >>
> >>  ----------------------------------------------
> >> | first-kernel | second-kernel | kdump support |
> >> |      (mem_encrypt=on|off)    |   (yes|no)    |
> >> |--------------+---------------+---------------|
> >> |     on       |     on        |     yes       |
> >> |     off      |     off       |     yes       |
> >> |     on       |     off       |     no        |
> > 
> > 
> >> |     off      |     on        |     no        |
> > 
> > It's not clear to me here. If 1st kernel sme is off, in 2nd kernel, when
> > you remap the old memory with non-sme mode, why did it fail?
> > 
> Thank you, Baoquan.
> For kdump, there are two cases that doesn't need to support:
> 
> 1. SME on(first kernel), but SME off(second kernel).
> Because the old memory is encrypted, we can't decrypt the old memory if SME is off
> in the second kernel(in kdump mode).
> 
> 2. SME off(first kernel), but SME on(second kernel)
> Maybe this situation doesn't have significance in actual deployment, furthermore, it
> will also increase the complexity of the code. It's just for testing, maybe it is
> unnecessary to support it, because the old memory is unencrypted.

Hmm, sorry, I don't get why it is unnecessary because the old memory is
unencrypted. We developers should cover all cases unless a certain case
is no way to fix, or fixing it is not cost-effective. Otherwise there's
no execuse for us to not fix. When QE try their best to cover all test
cases, they don't consider its significance because even corner case
need be swept out, that is their job. There isn't a rule for developers
to decide if it's significant.

Or could you point out what complexity it will bring to defend your
point?

Thanks
Baoquan

> > And please run scripts/get_maintainer.pl and add maintainers of
> > component which is affected in patch to CC list.
> Great! I forgot CC maintainers, thanks for your reminder.
> 
> Lianbo
> > 
> >> |______________|_______________|_______________|
> >>
> >> This patch is only for SME kdump, it is not support SEV kdump.
> >>
> >> Test tools:
> >> makedumpfile[v1.6.3]: https://github.com/LianboJ/makedumpfile
> >> commit e1de103eca8f (A draft for kdump vmcore about AMD SME)
> >> Author: Lianbo Jiang <lijiang at redhat.com>
> >> Date:   Mon May 14 17:02:40 2018 +0800
> >> Note: This patch can only dump vmcore in the case of SME enabled.
> >>
> >> crash-7.2.1: https://github.com/crash-utility/crash.git
> >> commit 1e1bd9c4c1be (Fix for the "bpf" command display on Linux 4.17-rc1)
> >> Author: Dave Anderson <anderson at redhat.com>
> >> Date:   Fri May 11 15:54:32 2018 -0400
> >>
> >> Test environment:
> >> HP ProLiant DL385Gen10 AMD EPYC 7251
> >> 8-Core Processor
> >> 32768 MB memory
> >> 600 GB disk space
> >>
> >> Linux 4.17-rc7:
> >> git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git
> >> commit b04e217704b7 ("Linux 4.17-rc7")
> >> Author: Linus Torvalds <torvalds at linux-foundation.org>
> >> Date:   Sun May 27 13:01:47 2018 -0700
> >>
> >> Reference:
> >> AMD64 Architecture Programmer's Manual
> >> https://support.amd.com/TechDocs/24593.pdf
> >>
> >> Some changes:
> >> 1. remove the sme_active() check in __ioremap_caller().
> >> 2. remove the '#ifdef' stuff throughout this patch.
> >> 3. put some logic into the early_memremap_pgprot_adjust() and clean the
> >> previous unnecessary changes, for example: arch/x86/include/asm/dmi.h,
> >> arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c, drivers/acpi/tables.c.
> >> 4. add a new file and modify Makefile.
> >> 5. clean compile warning in copy_device_table() and some compile error.
> >> 6. split the original patch into four patches, it will be better for
> >> review.
> >>
> >> Some known issues:
> >> 1. about SME
> >> Upstream kernel doesn't work when we use kexec in the follow command. The
> >> system will hang.
> >> (This issue doesn't matter with the kdump patch.)
> >>
> >> Reproduce steps:
> >>  # kexec -l /boot/vmlinuz-4.17.0-rc7+ --initrd=/boot/initramfs-4.17.0-rc7+.img --command-line="root=/dev/mapper/rhel_hp--dl385g10--03-root ro mem_encrypt=on rd.lvm.lv=rhel_hp-dl385g10-03/root rd.lvm.lv=rhel_hp-dl385g10-03/swap console=ttyS0,115200n81 LANG=en_US.UTF-8 earlyprintk=serial debug nokaslr"
> >>  # kexec -e (or reboot)
> >>
> >> The system will hang:
> >> [ 1248.932239] kexec_core: Starting new kernel
> >> early console in extract_kernel
> >> input_data: 0x000000087e91c3b4
> >> input_len: 0x000000000067fcbd
> >> output: 0x000000087d400000
> >> output_len: 0x0000000001b6fa90
> >> kernel_total_size: 0x0000000001a9d000
> >> trampoline_32bit: 0x0000000000099000
> >>
> >> Decompressing Linux...
> >> Parsing ELF...        [-here the system will hang]
> >>
> >> 2. about SEV
> >> Upstream kernel(Host OS) doesn't work in host side, some drivers about
> >> SEV always go wrong in host side. We can't boot SEV Guest OS to test
> >> kdump patch. Maybe it is more reasonable to improve SEV in another
> >> patch. When some drivers can work in host side and it can also boot
> >> Virtual Machine(SEV Guest OS), it will be suitable to fix SEV for kdump.
> >>
> >> [  369.426131] INFO: task systemd-udevd:865 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> >> [  369.433177]       Not tainted 4.17.0-rc5+ #60
> >> [  369.437585] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
> >> [  369.445783] systemd-udevd   D    0   865    813 0x80000004
> >> [  369.451323] Call Trace:
> >> [  369.453815]  ? __schedule+0x290/0x870
> >> [  369.457523]  schedule+0x32/0x80
> >> [  369.460714]  __sev_do_cmd_locked+0x1f6/0x2a0 [ccp]
> >> [  369.465556]  ? cleanup_uevent_env+0x10/0x10
> >> [  369.470084]  ? remove_wait_queue+0x60/0x60
> >> [  369.474219]  ? 0xffffffffc0247000
> >> [  369.477572]  __sev_platform_init_locked+0x2b/0x70 [ccp]
> >> [  369.482843]  sev_platform_init+0x1d/0x30 [ccp]
> >> [  369.487333]  psp_pci_init+0x40/0xe0 [ccp]
> >> [  369.491380]  ? 0xffffffffc0247000
> >> [  369.494936]  sp_mod_init+0x18/0x1000 [ccp]
> >> [  369.499071]  do_one_initcall+0x4e/0x1d4
> >> [  369.502944]  ? _cond_resched+0x15/0x30
> >> [  369.506728]  ? kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0xae/0x1d0
> >> [  369.511386]  ? do_init_module+0x22/0x220
> >> [  369.515345]  do_init_module+0x5a/0x220
> >> [  369.519444]  load_module+0x21cb/0x2a50
> >> [  369.523227]  ? m_show+0x1c0/0x1c0
> >> [  369.526571]  ? security_capable+0x3f/0x60
> >> [  369.530611]  __do_sys_finit_module+0x94/0xe0
> >> [  369.534915]  do_syscall_64+0x5b/0x180
> >> [  369.538607]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> >> [  369.543698] RIP: 0033:0x7f708e6311b9
> >> [  369.547536] RSP: 002b:00007ffff9d32aa8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000139
> >> [  369.555162] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 000055602a04c2d0 RCX: 00007f708e6311b9
> >> [  369.562346] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 00007f708ef52039 RDI: 0000000000000008
> >> [  369.569801] RBP: 00007f708ef52039 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 000055602a048b20
> >> [  369.576988] R10: 0000000000000008 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000000000
> >> [  369.584177] R13: 000055602a075260 R14: 0000000000020000 R15: 0000000000000000
> >>
> >> Lianbo Jiang (4):
> >>   Add a function(ioremap_encrypted) for kdump when AMD sme enabled
> >>   Allocate pages for kdump without encryption when SME is enabled
> >>   Remap the device table of IOMMU in encrypted manner for kdump
> >>   Help to dump the old memory encrypted into vmcore file
> >>
> >>  arch/x86/include/asm/io.h            |  3 ++
> >>  arch/x86/kernel/Makefile             |  1 +
> >>  arch/x86/kernel/crash_dump_encrypt.c | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>  arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c                | 28 +++++++++++++------
> >>  drivers/iommu/amd_iommu_init.c       | 15 +++++++++-
> >>  fs/proc/vmcore.c                     | 20 ++++++++++----
> >>  include/linux/crash_dump.h           | 11 ++++++++
> >>  kernel/kexec_core.c                  | 12 ++++++++
> >>  8 files changed, 128 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> >>  create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/crash_dump_encrypt.c
> >>
> >> -- 
> >> 2.9.5
> >>
> >>
> >> _______________________________________________
> >> kexec mailing list
> >> kexec at lists.infradead.org
> >> http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/kexec



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