[PATCH] arm64/mm: Introduce a variable to hold base address of linear region

James Morse james.morse at arm.com
Tue Jun 19 03:16:06 PDT 2018

Hi Yanjiang, Will,

On 19/06/18 10:57, Jin, Yanjiang wrote:
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: Will Deacon [mailto:will.deacon at arm.com]
>> Sent: 2018年6月19日 17:41
>> To: Jin, Yanjiang <yanjiang.jin at hxt-semitech.com>
>> Cc: James Morse <james.morse at arm.com>; Bhupesh Sharma
>> <bhsharma at redhat.com>; Mark Rutland <mark.rutland at arm.com>; Ard
>> Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel at linaro.org>; Catalin Marinas
>> <catalin.marinas at arm.com>; Kexec Mailing List <kexec at lists.infradead.org>;
>> AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi at linaro.org>; Bhupesh SHARMA
>> <bhupesh.linux at gmail.com>; linux-arm-kernel <linux-arm-
>> kernel at lists.infradead.org>
>> Subject: Re: [PATCH] arm64/mm: Introduce a variable to hold base address of
>> linear region
>> On Tue, Jun 19, 2018 at 09:34:56AM +0000, Jin, Yanjiang wrote:
>>>> On Tue, Jun 19, 2018 at 03:02:15AM +0000, Jin, Yanjiang wrote:
>>>>>> You seem to be using this for user-space phys_to_virt() based on
>>>>>> values found in /proc/iomem. This should give you what you want,
>>>>>> and isolate your user-space from the kernel's unexpected naming of
>> variables.
>>>>> I don't know could I simplify this problem?
>>>>> Let's ignore what memstart_addr represents here, we just want to
>>>>> implement
>>>>> phys_to_virt() in an userspace applications(kexec-tools or others).
>>>>> ARM64 Kernel has a below definition:
>>>>> #define __phys_to_virt(x)       ((unsigned long)((x) - PHYS_OFFSET) |
>>>>> So userspace app must know PHYS_OFFSET(equal to memstart_addr now).
>>>>> Seems this is very simple, but memstart_addr has gone through
>>>>> several operations in arm64_memblock_init() depends on different
>>>>> Kernel configurations, so userspace app needs to know many
>>>>> additional definitions as
>>>> following:
>>>>> memblock_start_of_DRAM(),  (ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP),
>>>>> memblock_end_of_DRAM(), IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE),
>>>>> memstart_offset_seed.
>>>>> It is hard to know all above in kexec-tools now. Originally I
>>>>> planned to read memstart_addr's value from "/dev/mem", but someone
>>>>> thought not all Kernels enable "/dev/mem", we'd better find a more
>>>>> generic approach. So we want to get some suggestions from ARM kernel
>> community.
>>>>> Can we export this variable in Kernel side through sysconf() or
>>>>> other similar methods? Or someone can provide an effect way to get
>>>>> memstart_addr's value?
>>>> I thought the suggestion from James was to expose this via an ELF
>>>> NOTE in kcore and vmcore (or in the header directly if that's possible, but I'm
>> not sure about it)?
>>> Thanks for your reply firstly. But same as DEVMEM, kcore is not a
>>> must-have, so we can't depend on it.
>> Neither is KEXEC. We can select PROC_KCORE from KEXEC if it helps.
>>> On the other hand, phys_to_virt() is called during generating vmcore
>>> in Kexec-tools, vmcore also can't help this issue.
>> I don't understand this part. If you have the vmcore in your hand, why can't you
>> grok the pv offset from the note and use that in phys_to_virt()?
> It is a chicken-and-egg issue.
> phys_to virt() is for crashdump setup. To generate vmcore, we must call
> phys_to_virt(). At this point, no vmcore exists.

Its needed for the parts of the ELF header that kexec-tools generates at kdump
load time?

So adding this pv_offset to the key=value data crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init()
saves isn't available early enough?

If we select PROC_KCORE for KEXEC so you know you will have /proc/kcore if the
system supports kdump. We should probably provide the same information in the
PT_NOTE section of the /proc/kcore file.

(I thought the kdump kernel exported that crash_save_vmcoreinfo_init() data as
an elf-note itself, but digging deeper I see the kernel exposes the physical
address in /sys/kernel/vmcoreinfo. Presumably its passed back via the kdump

>>> Unfortunately, not all platforms support analyzing Kernel config in
>>> userspace application, so Kexec-tools can't know some key kernel options.
>>> If not so, we can simulate the whole arm64_memblock_init()  progress
>>> in kexec-tools.
>> I don't understand what the kernel config has to do with kexec tools.
> I mean that if we can know kernel .config in all circumstances, we can calculate memstart_addr  as below in Kexec-tools:
>         memstart_addr = round_down(memblock_start_of_DRAM(),
>                                    ARM64_MEMSTART_ALIGN);

This wouldn't work for KASLR. Having the kernel provide you with the offset
means you are insulated from the details of phys_to_virt() and what affects
these values. It should be possible to do this in the same way for all



More information about the kexec mailing list