[PATCH v26 0/7] arm64: add kdump support

James Morse james.morse at arm.com
Tue Oct 4 03:53:36 PDT 2016

Hi Manish,

On 04/10/16 11:05, Manish Jaggi wrote:
> On 10/04/2016 03:16 PM, James Morse wrote:
>> On 03/10/16 13:41, Manish Jaggi wrote:
>>> On 10/03/2016 04:34 PM, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
>>>> On Mon, Oct 03, 2016 at 01:24:34PM +0530, Manish Jaggi wrote:
>>>>> First kernel is booted with mem=2G crashkernel=1G command line option.
>>>>> While the system has 64G memory.
>>>> Are you saying that "mem=..." doesn't have any effect?
>>> What I am saying it that If the first kernel is booted using mem= option and crashkernel= option
>>> the memory for second kernel has to be withing the crashkernel size.
>>> As per /proc/iomem System RAM the information is correct, but the /proc/meminfo is showing total memory
>>> much more than the first kernel had in first place.
>> So your second crashkernel has 63G of memory? Unless you provide the same 'mem='
>> to the kdump kernel, this is the expected behaviour. The
>> DT:/reserved-memory/crash_dump describes the memory not to use.
>> On your first boot with 'mem=2G' memblock_mem_limit_remove_map() called from
>> arm64_memblock_init() removed the top 62G of memory. Neither the first kernel
>> nor kexec-tools know about the top 62G.
>> When you run kexec-tools, it describes what it sees in /proc/iomem in the
>> DT:/reserved-memory/crash_dump, which is just the remaining 1G of memory.
>> When we crash and reboot, the crash kernel discovers all 64G of memory from the
>> EFI memory map.

> So the iomem and meminfo should be same or different for the second kernel?
> Also i assumed that crashkernel=1G should restrict the second kernels to 1G.

Not with v26 of this series. What should it do with the 62G of memory that was
removed by booting with 'mem=2G'? It isn't part of the crashkernel reserved
area, and it isn't part of the vmcore described in elfcorehdr either...

> This is my understanding from the description. It should not require a second mem= option

>> kexec-tools described the 1G of memory that the first kernel was using in the
>> DT:/reserved-memory/crash_dump node, so early_init_fdt_scan_reserved_mem()
>> reserves the 1G of memory the first kernel used. This leaves us with 63G of memory.
>> This may change with the next version of kdump if it switches back to using
>> DT:/chosen/linux,usable-memory-range.
>> If you need v26 to avoid the top 62G of memory, you need to provide the same
>> 'mem=' to the first and second kernel.

> If I provide for second kernel, I dont see any prints after Bye.
> Have you tired this anytime?

Yes, on juno-r1 passing 'mem=2G' to both the first and second kernel causes only
the first 2G of memory to be used with this pattern:
first kernel:		[1G used for linux]	[1G reserved for Crash kernel] 	[6G memory
kdump kernel:	[1G vmcore]			[1G used for linux] 			[6G memory hidden]

>>>>> 1.2 Live crash dump fails with error
>> ... do we expect this to work? I don't think it has anything to do with this
>> series...
> Why it should not?
> I saved the vmcore file while in second kernel. Since crash without vmcore file didnt run,
> Tried with vmcore file and it worked. Its just that if you want to boot a second kernel
>  with read only file system without network live crash dump analysis is handy.

Ah, you want to run /usr/bin/crash with the kdump boot of linux. You still need
to tell it where to find the memory image: "crash /path/to/vmlinux /proc/vmcore"
should do the trick.



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