[PATCH 0/3] Enable legacy irq mode before jump to kexec/kdump kernel
bhe at redhat.com
bhe at redhat.com
Tue Jul 19 21:15:27 PDT 2016
On 07/20/16 at 03:54am, Wei, Jiangang wrote:
> Hi Baoquan He,
> Well, Indeed there‘s a relationship between the dump-capture hangs in
> calibrate_delay_converge() and the interrupt mode.
> but there‘s no essential difference between your patches and mine that
> calls disable_IO_APIC() again.
> Actually, disable_IO_APIC will set APIC to virtual wire mode.
You didn't read my patch log carefully. disable_IO_APIC not only set
APIC to PIC mode or virtual wire mode, but call clear_IO_APIC.
> In fact,
> Eric and Ingo suggested that "it should be fixed in the bootup path of
> the dump kernel, not the crash kernel reboot path", which is convincing
> and reasonable.
Well this patch doesn't do differently with Eric's original implemention
in kexec/kdump path.
By taking out clear_IO_APIC from disable_IO_APIC, the left code of
disable_IO_APIC will only do the virtual wire setting. So for
kexec/kdump path, code basically is the same as Eric's method. But for
poweroff/halt/reboot, it's enough to call clear_IO_APIC to disable
> And i find a better method can fix the problem.
> It's better to set virtual wire mode for apic in init_bsp_APIC(), which
> in the bootup path of dump kernel.
> But now, init_bsp_APIC doesn't initialize the apic to vitual wire mode
> when smp_found_config is non-zero.
And virtual wire mode have two kinds, IO-APIC virtual wire mode and
LAPIC virtual wire mode. Please read code comments in init_bsp_APIC,
IO-APIC virtual wire mode could be active or need be set, you can't
detect IO-APIC pin connected to i8259 equvialent PIC.
> FYI, I'm working on this point. later i will send patches to mail list.
> On Wed, 2016-07-20 at 10:58 +0800, Baoquan He wrote:
> > Wei Jiangang reported kdump kernel always hang when "notsc" is specified
> > in boot parameter. After debugging I found there's no timer interrupt
> > in the current kexec/kdump kernel. This is caused by commit 522e66464467
> > ("x86/apic: Disable I/O APIC before shutdown of the local APIC"). Originally
> > Eric posted below patch to make system be virtual wire mode in which 8259-
> > equivalent PIC fields all interrupts and the LAPIC becomes a virtual wire.
> > Like this interrupts can be delivered from PIC to CPU via the LAPIC's local
> > interrupt 0 (LINTIN0). In virtual wire APIC mode is disabled while LAPIC
> > is software enabled and its LINT0 and LINT1 need be programmed specifically.
> > https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/akpm/patches/2.6/2.6.11/2.6.11-mm1/broken-out/x86_64-apic-virtwire-on-shutdown.patch
> > But with commit 522e66464 you can see after disable_IO_APIC had setting
> > virtual wire mode, lapic_shutdown disabled LAPIC again. Now virtual wire
> > mode doesn't work, then it cause no timer interrupt during kdump kernel
> > initialization stage until system enter into APIC mode.
> > So people may be wondering why only kdump kernel hang, the normal kernel
> > with "notsc" can still work. This is because BIOS has already built PIC mode
> > or virtual wire mode while kexec/kdump kernel doesn't go through BIOS
> > initialization. That is why we have to change system to be PIC mode or
> > virtual wire mode before jump to kexec/kdump kernel.
> > Then why kdump kernel didn't hang when "notsc" is not specified. This is
> > because tsc_init will assign the already calibrated value to lpj_fine.
> > Then kernel doesn't need to count cpu loops between jiffies with the help
> > of timer interrupt. So "notsc" is not victim, but a informer.
> > In patch 1/3 disable_IO_APIC is changed to only contain code of changeing
> > system to be PIC mode or virtual wire mode and is renamed as
> > switch_to_legacy_irq_mode. Now only call clear_IO_APIC where IO-APIC need
> > be disabled, and call switch_to_legacy_irq_mode before jump to kexe/kdump
> > kernel.
> > Patch 2/3 and 3/3 are clean up patch.
> > Baoquan He (3):
> > x86/apic/kexec: Enable legacy irq mode before jump to kexec/kdump
> > kernel
> > x86/apic: Clean up the names of legacy irq mode setting related
> > functions
> > x86/apic: Clean up the apic delivery mode macro definition
> > arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h | 2 +-
> > arch/x86/include/asm/apicdef.h | 1 -
> > arch/x86/include/asm/io_apic.h | 6 +++---
> > arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c | 19 +++++++++++--------
> > arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++---------------
> > arch/x86/kernel/crash.c | 2 +-
> > arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_32.c | 15 +++++----------
> > arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 15 +++++----------
> > arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c | 2 +-
> > arch/x86/kernel/x86_init.c | 2 +-
> > drivers/iommu/irq_remapping.c | 2 +-
> > 11 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 52 deletions(-)
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