[PATCH 13/16] arm64: kdump: add kdump support

AKASHI Takahiro takahiro.akashi at linaro.org
Wed Oct 28 23:53:36 PDT 2015

On 10/29/2015 03:40 PM, Dave Young wrote:
> On 10/29/15 at 02:55pm, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
>> Dave,
>> On 10/23/2015 06:50 PM, Dave Young wrote:
>>> On 10/22/15 at 06:57pm, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
>>>> (added Ard to Cc.)
>>>> On 10/22/2015 02:15 PM, Dave Young wrote:
>>>>> On 10/22/15 at 01:29pm, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
>>>>>> Hi Dave,
>>>>>> Thank you for your comment.
>>>>>> On 10/22/2015 12:25 PM, Dave Young wrote:
>>>>>>> Hi, AKASHI,
>>>>>>> On 10/19/15 at 11:38pm, Geoff Levand wrote:
>>>>>>>> From: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi at linaro.org>
>>>>>>>> On crash dump kernel, all the information about primary kernel's core
>>>>>>>> image is available in elf core header specified by "elfcorehdr=" boot
>>>>>>>> parameter. reserve_elfcorehdr() will set aside the region to avoid any
>>>>>>>> corruption by crash dump kernel.
>>>>>>>> Crash dump kernel will access the system memory of primary kernel via
>>>>>>>> copy_oldmem_page(), which reads one page by ioremap'ing it since it does
>>>>>>>> not reside in linear mapping on crash dump kernel.
>>>>>>>> Please note that we should add "mem=X[MG]" boot parameter to limit the
>>>>>>>> memory size and avoid the following assertion at ioremap():
>>>>>>>> 	if (WARN_ON(pfn_valid(__phys_to_pfn(phys_addr))))
>>>>>>>> 		return NULL;
>>>>>>>> when accessing any pages beyond the usable memories of crash dump kernel.
>>>>>>> How does kexec-tools pass usable memory ranges to kernel? using dtb?
>>>>>>> Passing an extra mem=X sounds odd in the design. Kdump kernel should get
>>>>>>> usable ranges and hanle the limit better than depending on an extern kernel
>>>>>>> param.
>>>>>> Well, regarding "depending on an external kernel param,"
>>>>>> - this limitation ("mem=") is compatible with arm(32) implementation although
>>>>>>    it is not clearly described in kernel's Documentation/kdump/kdump.txt.
>>>>>> - "elfcorehdr" kernel parameter is mandatory on x86 as well as on arm/arm64.
>>>>>>    The parameter is explicitly generated and added by kexec-tools.
>>>>>> Do I miss your point?
>>>>> Arm previously use atag_mem tag for memory kernel uses, with dtb, Booting.txt
>>>>> says: The boot loader must pass at a minimum the size and location of the
>>>>> system memory
>>>>> In arm64 booting.txt, it does mentions about dtb but without above sentence.
>>>>> So if you are using dtb to pass memory I think the extra mem= should be not
>>>>> necessary unless there's other limitations dtb can not been used.
>>>> I would expect comments from arm64 maintainers here.
>>>> In my old implementation, I added "usablemem" attributes, along with "reg," to
>>>> "memory" nodes in dtb to specify the usable memory region on crash dump kernel.
>>>> But I removed this feature partly because, on uefi system, uefi might pass
>>>> no memory information in dtb.
>>> If this is the case there must be somewhere else one can pass memory infomation
>>> to kernel, the booting.txt should be updated?
>>> kexec as a boot loader need use same method as the 1st kernel boot loader.
>>>>> One thing I'm confused is mem= only pass the memory size, where does you pass
>>>>> the start addresses?
>>>> In the current arm64 implementation, any regions below the start address will
>>>> be ignored as system ram.
>>>>> What if there's multiple sections such as some reserved
>>>>> ranges 2nd kernel also need?
>>>> My patch utilizes only a single contiguous region of memory as system ram.
>>>> One exception that I notice is uefi's runtime data. They will be ioremap'ed separately.
>>>> Please let me know if there is any other case that should be supported.
>>> For example the elf headers range, you reserved them in kdump kernel code,
>>> but kexec-tools can do that early if it can provides all memory info to 2nd
>>> kernel. Ditto for mark all the memory ranges 1st kernel used as reserved.
>> It seems to me that the issue you mentioned here is totally independent
>> from "mem=" issue, isn't it?
>> (and "elfcorehdr=" is a common way for crash dump kernel to know the region.)
> Hmm, I did not talked about the eflcorehdr=, I means the code to reserve the
> memory ranges elfcorehdr is using.

So how does it relate to "mem=" issue?

-Takahiro AKASHI

> Thanks
> Dave
>> -Takahiro AKASHI
>>> Thanks
>>> Dave

More information about the kexec mailing list