[PATCH v2 2/8] arm64: Convert hcalls to use ISS field
geoff at infradead.org
Wed Feb 25 14:09:30 PST 2015
On Thu, 2015-02-19 at 21:57 +0100, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 30, 2015 at 03:33:48PM -0800, Geoff Levand wrote:
> > To allow for additional hcalls to be defined and to make the arm64 hcall API
> > more consistent across exception vector routines, change the hcall implementations
> > to use the ISS field of the ESR_EL2 register to specify the hcall type.
> how does this make things more consistent? Do we have other examples of
> things using the immediate field which I'm missing?
As I detail in the next paragraph, by consistent I mean in the API exposed,
not in the implementation. This point is really secondary to the need for
more hyper calls as I discuss below.
> > The existing arm64 hcall implementations are limited in that they only allow
> > for two distinct hcalls; with the x0 register either zero, or not zero. Also,
> > the API of the hyp-stub exception vector routines and the KVM exception vector
> > routines differ; hyp-stub uses a non-zero value in x0 to implement
> > __hyp_set_vectors, whereas KVM uses it to implement kvm_call_hyp.
> this seems orthogonal to the use of the immediate field vs. x0 though,
> so why it the immediate field preferred again?
When a CPU is reset via cpu_soft_restart() we need to execute the caller
supplied reset routine at the exception level the kernel was entered at.
So, for a kernel entered at EL2, we need a way to execute that routine at
The current hyp-stub vector implementation, which uses x0, is limited
to two hyper calls; __hyp_get_vectors and __hyp_set_vectors. To
support cpu_soft_restart() we need a third hyper call, one which
allows for code to be executed at EL2. My proposed use of the
immediate value of the hvc instruction will allow for 2^16 distinct
> > Define three new preprocessor macros HVC_CALL_HYP, HVC_GET_VECTORS, and
> > HVC_SET_VECTORS to be used as hcall type specifiers and convert the
> > existing __hyp_get_vectors(), __hyp_set_vectors() and kvm_call_hyp() routines
> > to use these new macros when executing an HVC call. Also change the
> > corresponding hyp-stub and KVM el1_sync exception vector routines to use these
> > new macros.
> > Signed-off-by: Geoff Levand <geoff at infradead.org>
> > ---
> > arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > arch/arm64/kernel/hyp-stub.S | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++-----------
> > arch/arm64/kernel/psci.c | 3 ++-
> > arch/arm64/kvm/hyp.S | 16 +++++++++-------
> > 4 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h
> > index 7a5df52..eb10368 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h
> > @@ -18,6 +18,33 @@
> > #ifndef __ASM__VIRT_H
> > #define __ASM__VIRT_H
> > +/*
> > + * The arm64 hcall implementation uses the ISS field of the ESR_EL2 register to
> > + * specify the hcall type. The exception handlers are allowed to use registers
> > + * x17 and x18 in their implementation. Any routine issuing an hcall must not
> > + * expect these registers to be preserved.
> > + */
> I thought the existing use of registers were based on the arm procedure
> call standard so we didn't have to worry about adding more caller-save
> Don't we now have to start adding code around callers to make sure
> callers know that x17 and x18 may be clobbered?
We use x17 and x18 to allow hyper calls to work without a stack, which
is needed for cpu_soft_restart(). The procedure call standard says that
these are temporary registers, so a C compiler should not expect these
to be preserved.
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