[Patch v2] align crash_notes allocation to make it be inside one physical page

Baoquan He bhe at redhat.com
Mon Aug 3 05:50:43 PDT 2015

People reported that crash_notes in /proc/vmcore were corrupted and
this cause crash kdump failure. With code debugging and log we got
the root cause. This is because percpu variable crash_notes are
allocated in 2 vmalloc pages. Currently percpu is based on vmalloc
by default. Vmalloc can't guarantee 2 continuous vmalloc pages
are also on 2 continuous physical pages. So when 1st kernel exports
the starting address and size of crash_notes through sysfs like below:


kdump kernel use them to get the content of crash_notes. However the
2nd part may not be in the next neighbouring physical page as we
expected if crash_notes are allocated accross 2 vmalloc pages. That's
why nhdr_ptr->n_namesz or nhdr_ptr->n_descsz could be very huge in
update_note_header_size_elf64() and cause note header merging failure
or some warnings.

In this patch change to call __alloc_percpu() to passed in the align
value by rounding crash_notes_size up to the nearest power of two.
This make sure the crash_notes is allocated inside one physical page
since sizeof(note_buf_t) in all ARCHS is smaller than PAGE_SIZE.
Meanwhile add a WARN_ON in case it grows to be bigger than PAGE_SIZE
in the future.

    Minfei mentioned percpu can't take align value bigger then PAGE_SIZE.
    So limit align to be PAGE_SIZE at most.

Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe at redhat.com>
 kernel/kexec.c | 11 ++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index a785c10..9f4b070 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -1620,7 +1620,16 @@ void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu)
 static int __init crash_notes_memory_init(void)
 	/* Allocate memory for saving cpu registers. */
-	crash_notes = alloc_percpu(note_buf_t);
+	size_t size, align;
+	int order;
+	size = sizeof(note_buf_t);
+	order = get_count_order(size);
+	align = min_t(size_t, (1<<order), PAGE_SIZE);
+	WARN_ON(size > PAGE_SIZE);
+	crash_notes = __alloc_percpu(size, align);
 	if (!crash_notes) {
 		pr_warn("Kexec: Memory allocation for saving cpu register states failed\n");
 		return -ENOMEM;

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