[PATCH] kdump, x86: report actual value of phys_base in VMCOREINFO

Petr Tesarik ptesarik at suse.cz
Wed Nov 12 00:14:34 PST 2014

On Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:40:42 +0900 (JST)
HATAYAMA Daisuke <d.hatayama at jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:

> Currently, VMCOREINFO note information reports the virtual address of
> phys_base that is assigned to symbol phys_base. But this doesn't make
> sense because to refer to value of the phys_base, it's necessary to
> get the value of phys_base itself we are now about to refer to.
> Userland tools related to kdump such as makedumpfile and crash utility
> so far have made some efforts to calculate phys_base from memory
> mapping information on a variety of crash dump formats. But there's no
> guarantee to keep maintaining it in the future.
> This is also useful for crash dump mechanism running outside Linux
> kernel such as virtual machine hypervisor such as qemu dump, which
> ordinary users use via virsh dump, or ones implemented on vendor
> specific firmware. They cannot get phys_base without special mechanism
> because phys_base is kernel information.
> To get VMCOREINFO in vmcore, it's easy to use strings and grep
> commands like this; VMCOREINFO consists of simple string:
> $ strings vmcore-3.10.0-121.el7.x86_64 | grep -E ".*VMCOREINFO.*" -A 100
> OSRELEASE=3.10.0-121.el7.x86_64
> ...
> Similarly, this is also useful to get value of phys_base in kdump 2nd
> kernel contained in vmcore using the above-mentioned external crash
> dump mechanism; kdump 2nd kernel is an inherently relocated kernel.
> This commit doesn't remove VMCOREINFO_SYMBOL(phys_base) line because
> makedumpfile refers to it and if removing it, old versions
> makedumpfile doesn't work well.
> Signed-off-by: HATAYAMA Daisuke <d.hatayama at jp.fujitsu.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 1 +
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
> index 4859810..e6d00a4 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
> @@ -334,6 +334,7 @@ void arch_crash_save_vmcoreinfo(void)
>  #endif
>  	vmcoreinfo_append_str("KERNELOFFSET=%lx\n",
>  			      (unsigned long)&_text - __START_KERNEL);
> +	VMCOREINFO_LENGTH(phys_base, phys_base);

While I fully agree with the concept, I don't like the use of
VMCOREINFO_LENGTH. LENGTH(symbol) has been used to store array length

OTOH there is currently no good syntax for storing a value (short of
VMCOREINFO_NUMBER, but that one is signed). I think it would be best to
extend the VMCOREINFO syntax for storing variables, preferably in
hexadecimal, e.g.:

#define VMCOREINFO_VALUE(name, value) \
	vmcoreinfo_append_str("VALUE(%s)=%lx\n", #name, (unsigned long) value)

This interface is somewhat suboptimal, because it can only store a
single long value. So, maybe we should dump the complete variable in
hex, or something similar...

Anyone has a better idea?

Petr T

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