[PATCH Resend] ARM: kdump: makes second kernel use strict pfn_valid
takahiro.akashi at linaro.org
Wed May 28 21:39:51 PDT 2014
I'm now working on kdump support for arm64 on top of Geoff's kexec patch.
On 05/20/2014 12:22 PM, Wang Nan wrote:
> On 2014/5/20 0:09, Will Deacon wrote:
>> On Mon, May 19, 2014 at 02:54:03AM +0100, Wang Nan wrote:
>>> When SPARSEMEM and CRASH_DUMP both selected, simple pfn_valid prevents
>>> the second kernel ioremap first kernel's memory if the address falls
>>> into second kernel section. This limitation requires the second kernel
>>> occupies a full section, and elfcorehdr must resides in another section.
>>> This patch makes crash dump kernel use strict pfn_valid, removes such
>>> For example:
>>> For a platform with SECTION_SIZE_BITS == 28 (256MiB) and
>>> crashkernel=128M at 0x28000000 in kernel cmdline, the second
>>> kernel is loaded at 0x28000000. Kexec puts elfcorehdr at
>>> 0x2ff00000, and passes 'elfcorehdr=0x2ff00000 mem=130048K' to
>>> second kernel. When second kernel start, it tries to use
>>> ioremap to retrive its elfcorehrd. In this case, elfcodehdr is at the
>>> same section of the second kernel, pfn_valid will recongnize
>>> the page as valid, so ioremap will refuse to map it.
>> So isn't the issue here that you're passing an incorrect mem= parameter
>> to the crash kernel?
> mem= parameter is generated by kexec-tools according to /proc/iomem, it is the size
> of reserved memory minus 1MiB. So I think what you mean is I passing an incorrect
> crashkernel= parameter?
Just FYI, kexec-tools doesn't seem to be implemented in proper way to support device-tree.
Once device-tree is handled correctly, we don't need to pass "mem=" parameter.
(Of course, only on machines that support device-tree.)
> I'll explain limitations on crash kernel reserved memory in the case of SPARSEMEM
> enabled, and show how *impractical* the 'correct' crashkernel will be.
> Use realview board for example.
> Limitation 1: crash kernel reservation kernel must be aligned with 0x08000000 (128MiB).
> This is because zImage determine final kernel address by (pc & 0xf8000000). If,
> for example, set crashkernel=64M at 0x29000000, then the second kernel itself
> overwrites first kernel's memory. We'll lost some memory in /proc/vmcore.
> Limitation 2: crash kernel must resides in different section with the first kernel.
> This is because the second kernel use ioremap for accessing first kernel's memory,
> and arm prevent a valid pfn be ioremapped. Which means a whole section must be reserved
> for the secton kernel. On realview, which is 256MiB.
> Limitation 3: the last 1MiB of reserved memory must be ioremappable.
> This is because the second kernel depeneds kexec-tools passing an elfheader as
> 'elfcorehdr' to instructs it generating /proc/vmcore. See fs/proc/vmcore.c. Kexec-tools
> simply uses the last 1MiB for it. The second kernel use ioremap to access it, force
> the header be put in another section.
We can avoid "Limitation 3" just by implementing arm's own elfcorehdr_read() with memcpy().
I can submit a patch, but can't test it for now.
> In realview board, the only possible correct setting should be 'crashkernel=257M at 0x20000000'.
> However, realview has only 1GiB memory, crash kernel consumes a quarter plus 1MiB. In addition, even
> set this parameter, crash kernel is still unusable because:
> crashkernel reservation failed - memory is in use (0x20000000)
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> linux-arm-kernel at lists.infradead.org
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