[PATCH] x86, kdump: No need to disable ioapic in crash path

Don Zickus dzickus at redhat.com
Wed May 2 15:59:19 EDT 2012

On Wed, May 02, 2012 at 12:39:06PM -0700, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Seiji Aguchi <seiji.aguchi at hds.com> writes:
> >> Perhaps calling setup_IO_APIC before setup_local_APIC would be a better fix?
> >
> > I checked Intel develper's manual and there is no restriction about the order of enabling IO_APIC/local_APIC.
> > So, it may work.
> >
> > But, I don't understand why we have to change the stable boot-up code.
> Because the boot-up code is buggy.  We need to get a better handle on
> how it is buggy but apparently an interrupt coming in at the wrong
> moment while booting with interrupts on the interrupt flag on the cpus
> disalbed puts us in a state where we fail to boot.
> We should be able to boot with apics enabled, and we almost can
> emperically there are a few bugs.
> The kdump path is particularly good at finding bugs.
> > If kdump disables both local_apic and IO_APIC in proper way in 1st kernel,  2nd kernel works without any change.
> We can not guarnatee disabling the local apics in the first kernel.
> Ultimately the less we do in the first kernel the more reliable kdump is
> going to be.  Disabling the apics has been a long standing bug work
> around.
> At worst we may have been a smidge premature in using assuming the
> kernel can boot with the apics enabled but it I would hope we can
> track down and fix the boot up code.
> Probably what we want to do is not to disable the I/O apics but
> to program the I/O apics before we enable the local apic so that
> we have control of the in-comming interrupts.  But I haven't
> looked at this in nearly enough detail to even guess what needs
> to happen.

Hi Eric,

Thanks for the info.  I have don't have a problem with what you say above,
I think that is a noble effort worth pursuing.  From a high level
perspective, I am trying to understand how that is supposed to be
acheived.  Getting the code to match the theory is probably easier to do
than throw random patches/hacks at various kdump problems as they arise.

So can I understand what your thoughts are? Are you expecting the
following in the first kernel:

disable other cpus
setup 2nd kernel jumptables
disable panic cpu interrupts
idt/gdt settings??
jump to purgatory

(this leaves apics and virt stuff untouched?)
(i am ignoring nmi/mce/faults and other exceptions for now)

purgatory stuff...

2nd kernel:

normal early boot stuff
setup memory
setup scheduler
program ioapic/lapic??
   #currently this is down _after_ boot cpu interrupts are enabled
   #which seem problematic if you have leftover screaming interrupts
   #probably a reason for this like timers or something
enable boot cpu interrupts
setup boot cpu
setup other cpus


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