[PATCH 0/4] Export offsets of VMCS fields as note information for kdump

zhangyanfei zhangyanfei at cn.fujitsu.com
Wed Apr 18 03:30:45 EDT 2012

于 2012年04月17日 18:59, Avi Kivity 写道:
> On 04/17/2012 01:51 PM, zhangyanfei wrote:
>> 于 2012年04月17日 15:44, Avi Kivity 写道:
>>> On 04/11/2012 04:39 AM, zhangyanfei wrote:
>>>> This patch set exports offsets of VMCS fields as note information for
>>>> kdump. We call it VMCSINFO. The purpose of VMCSINFO is to retrieve
>>>> runtime state of guest machine image, such as registers, in host
>>>> machine's crash dump as VMCS format. The problem is that VMCS
>>>> internal is hidden by Intel in its specification. So, we reverse
>>>> engineering it in the way implemented in this patch set. Please note
>>>> that this processing never affects any existing kvm logic. The
>>>> VMCSINFO is exported via sysfs to kexec-tools just like VMCOREINFO.
>>>> Here is an example:
>>>> Processor: Intel(R) Core(TM)2 Duo CPU     E7500  @ 2.93GHz
>>>> $cat /sys/kernel/vmcsinfo
>>>> 1cba8c0 2000
>>>> crash> rd -p 1cba8c0 1000
>>>>          1cba8c0:  0000127b00000009 53434d5600000000   ....{.......VMCS
>>>>          1cba8d0:  000000004f464e49 4e4f495349564552   INFO....REVISION
>>>>          1cba8e0:  49460a643d44495f 5f4e495028444c45   _ID=d.FIELD(PIN_
>>>>          1cba8f0:  4d565f4445534142 4f435f434558455f   BASED_VM_EXEC_CO
>>>>          1cba900:  303d294c4f52544e 0a30383130343831   NTROL)=01840180.
>>>>          1cba910:  504328444c454946 5f44455341425f55   FIELD(CPU_BASED_
>>>>          1cba920:  5f434558455f4d56 294c4f52544e4f43   VM_EXEC_CONTROL)
>>>>          1cba930:  393130343931303d 28444c4549460a30   =01940190.FIELD(
>>>>          1cba940:  5241444e4f434553 4558455f4d565f59   SECONDARY_VM_EXE
>>>>          1cba950:  4f52544e4f435f43 30346566303d294c   C_CONTROL)=0fe40
>>>>          1cba960:  4c4549460a306566 4958455f4d562844   fe0.FIELD(VM_EXI
>>>>          1cba970:  4f52544e4f435f54 346531303d29534c   T_CONTROLS)=01e4
>>>>          1cba980:  4549460a30653130 4e455f4d5628444c   01e0.FIELD(VM_EN
>>>>          1cba990:  544e4f435f595254 33303d29534c4f52   TRY_CONTROLS)=03
>>>>          1cba9a0:  460a303133303431 45554728444c4549   140310.FIELD(GUE
>>>>          1cba9b0:  45535f53455f5453 3d29524f5443454c   ST_ES_SELECTOR)=
>>>>          1cba9c0:  4549460a30303530 545345554728444c   0500.FIELD(GUEST
>>>>          1cba9d0:  454c45535f53435f 35303d29524f5443   _CS_SELECTOR)=05
>>>>          ......
>>>> TODO:
>>>>   1. In kexec-tools, get VMCSINFO via sysfs and dump it as note information
>>>>      into vmcore.
>>>>   2. Dump VMCS region of each guest vcpu and VMCSINFO into qemu-process
>>>>      core file. To do this, we will modify kernel core dumper, gdb gcore
>>>>      and crash gcore.
>>>>   3. Dump guest image from the qemu-process core file into a vmcore.
>>> Taking a step back, can you describe the problem scenario you're fixing
>>> here?
>> Considering two scenarios below:
>> 1. Host panics, guests running on that host will also be dumped into
>>    host's vmcore.
>> 2. Qemu process is core dumped (by gdb gcore or kernel core dumper), and
>>    its coresponding guest will be included in the core file.
>> We want to create the guest machine's crash dump from host machine's vmcore
>> or qemu process's core file. Unfortunately, we cannot get the guest's registers
>> values in both scenarios.
>> For scenario 1, some key registers (CR0, CR3...) of the guest machine are stored
>> in VMCS region. But VMCS internal is hidden by Intel specification. So this
>> patch set aims to get offsets of fields in VMCS region and export it as note
>> information for kdump. 
> Okay.  Do you expect it to help in debugging the crash?  Did you have
> cases where it would help?

Yes, I do expect it to help in debugging the crash.
Looking into host machine's crash dump, if we figure out the fact that the crash
had happend when some host's resource was requested and used by some guset machine.
Then, we surely want to look into the situation from guest machine's view.

Zhang Yanfei

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