kexec load failure introduced by "x86, memblock: Replace e820_/_early string with memblock_"

Yinghai Lu yinghai at
Tue Sep 28 03:14:31 EDT 2010

On 09/27/2010 08:46 PM, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> On 09/27/2010 05:53 PM, Vivek Goyal wrote:
>> Actually, hardcoding the upper limit to 4G is probably not the best idea.
>> Kexec loads the the relocatable binary (purgatory) and I remember that
>> one of the generated relocation type was signed 32 bit and allowed max value
>> to be 2G only. So IIRC, purgatory code always needed to be loaded below 2G.
>> I liked HPA's other idea better of introducing memblock_find_in_range_lowest() 
>> so that we search bottom up and not rely on a specific upper limit.
> No, it's just another crappy hack which is broken in the same way.  It's
> better than open-coding, but it's still a hack.
> The Right Thing[TM] to do is for kexec to communicate the topmost
> address it wants to this code, so it has both the upper and the lower
> boundaries available to it instead of just one.

hope you are happy with this one.

[PATCH -v5] x86, memblock: Fix crashkernel allocation

Cai Qian found crashkernel is broken with x86 memblock changes
1. crashkernel=128M at 32M always reported that range is used, even first kernel is small
   no one use that range
2. always get following report when using "kexec -p"
	Could not find a free area of memory of a000 bytes...
	locate_hole failed

The root cause is that generic memblock_find_in_range() will try to get range from top_down.
But crashkernel do need from low and specified range.

Let's limit the target range with rash_base + crash_size to make sure that
We get range from bottom.

-v5: use DEFAULT_BZIMAGE_ADDR_MAX to limit area that could be used by bzImge.
     also second try for vmlinux or new kexec tools will use bzImage 64bit entry

Reported-and-Bisected-by: CAI Qian <caiqian at>
Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai at>

 arch/x86/kernel/setup.c |   24 ++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -501,6 +501,7 @@ static inline unsigned long long get_tot
 	return total << PAGE_SHIFT;
 static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
 	unsigned long long total_mem;
@@ -518,17 +519,28 @@ static void __init reserve_crashkernel(v
 	if (crash_base <= 0) {
 		const unsigned long long alignment = 16<<20;	/* 16M */
-		crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(alignment, ULONG_MAX, crash_size,
-				 alignment);
+		/*
+		 * Assume half crash_size is for bzImage
+		 *  kexec want bzImage is below DEFAULT_BZIMAGE_ADDR_MAX
+		 */
+		crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(alignment,
+				DEFAULT_BZIMAGE_ADDR_MAX + crash_size/2,
+				crash_size, alignment);
 		if (crash_base == MEMBLOCK_ERROR) {
-			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - No suitable area found.\n");
-			return;
+			crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(alignment,
+					 ULONG_MAX, crash_size, alignment);
+			if (crash_base == MEMBLOCK_ERROR) {
+				pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - No suitable area found.\n");
+				return;
+			}
 	} else {
 		unsigned long long start;
-		start = memblock_find_in_range(crash_base, ULONG_MAX, crash_size,
-				 1<<20);
+		start = memblock_find_in_range(crash_base,
+				 crash_base + crash_size, crash_size, 1<<20);
 		if (start != crash_base) {
 			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - memory is in use.\n");

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