[PATCH] Reserve memory for kdump kernel within RMO region

M. Mohan Kumar mohan at in.ibm.com
Fri Nov 27 03:35:46 EST 2009

On 11/27/2009 12:56 AM, Bernhard Walle wrote:
> M. Mohan Kumar schrieb:
>> On 11/26/2009 12:22 AM, Bernhard Walle wrote:
>>> M. Mohan Kumar schrieb:
>>>> Reserve memory for kdump kernel within RMO region
>>>> When the kernel size exceeds 32MB(observed with some distros), memory
>>>> for kdump kernel can not be reserved as kdump kernel base is assumed to
>>>> be 32MB always. When the kernel has CONFIG_RELOCATABLE option enabled,
>>>> provide the feature to reserve the memory for kdump kernel anywhere in
>>>> the RMO region.
>> Hi Bernhard,
>>> Correct me if I'm wrong, but: CONFIG_RELOCATABLE is for the kernel that
>>> gets loaded as crashkernel, not for the kernel that loads the
>>> crashkernel. So it would be perfectly fine that a kernel that has not
>>> CONFIG_RELOCATABLE set would load another kernel that has
>>> CONFIG_RELOCATABLE set on an address != 32 M.
>> No, with relocatable option, the same kernel is used as both production
>> and kdump kernel.
> Can be, but it's not strictly necessary. It depends what userland does.
> Especially it's possible that a non-relocatable, self-compiled kernel
> loads a relocatable distribution kernel as capture kernel.

I don't understand why a non-relocatable kernel will use relocatable 
kernel for capturing kdump kernel. The idea for relocatable kernel is to 
avoid using two different kernels to capture kernel dump.

> Also, it would make sense to make the behaviour symmetric across
> platforms. Currently we have:
>   - x86 and ia64: Without offset on command line, use any offset
>                   With offset on command line, use that offset and fail
>                   if no memory is available at that offset.
>   - ppc64: Always use 32M and ignore the offset.
> If your patch gets applied, we have:
>   - ppc64: With CONFIG_RELOCATABLE, use any offset
>            With offset on command
> I don't see why the behaviour on ppc64 should be completely different.
> Having maintained kdump for SUSE for x86, ia64 and partly ppc64 in the
> past, I always felt that ppc64 is more different from x86 than ia64 is
> from x86. That's one more step into that direction without a technical
> reason.

Also with the crashkernel=auto parameter (patches are not yet merged), 
the crashkernel base (offset) by default would be 32MB. In this case if 
a kernel passed with crashkernel=auto and if the first kernel size 
exceeds 32MB, memory for kdump kernel will always fail.

> Having that all said: If your patch gets in mainline kernel, than we
> should change the behaviour also for x86 and ia64.
> Regards,
> Bernhard

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