[PATCH], issue EOI to APIC prior to calling crash_kexec in die_nmi path

Vivek Goyal vgoyal at redhat.com
Wed Feb 6 15:35:51 EST 2008

On Wed, Feb 06, 2008 at 03:12:23PM -0500, Neil Horman wrote:
> On Wed, Feb 06, 2008 at 02:40:40PM -0500, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> > On Wed, Feb 06, 2008 at 02:25:55PM -0500, Neil Horman wrote:
> > > Hey all-
> > > 	A hang on kdump was reported to me awhile back, only when systems died
> > > via nmi watchdog panic.  The hang wouldn't always be in the same place, but it
> > > would usually be somewhere down in purgatory.  In looking at the code, it
> > > occured to me that since, during an nmi interrupt, we won't be able to handle
> > > additional interrupts, that we won't be able to halt the other processors on a
> > > system like we try to do in machine_crash_shutdown.  As such, it appears that
> > > leaving the other cpus running exposes us to the risk that another processor
> > > will encounter an error and halt the system while we are trying to boot the
> > > kdump kernel, and that can result in a hang.  I wrote the attached patch to end
> > > the nmi interrupt prior to calling crash_kexec from within die_nmi, and testing
> > > here has proven successfull.
> > > 
> > 
> > Hi Neil,
> > 
> > Why wouldn't I be able to stop other cpus if I am inside an NMI handler? I
> > just need to send an NMI IPI to other cpus and they should be able to
> > receive and handle it?
> > 
> > Thanks
> > Vivek
> > 
> Can an APIC accept an NMI while already handling an NMI?  I didn't think they
> would interrupt one another, but rather, pend until such time as the previous
> NMI was cleared
> Neil

Hi Neil,

CPU will not accept another NMI if it is already handling the NMI but in
this case only crashing CPU is in NMI. Other cpus are not and they will
accept the NMI (When crashing cpu sends NMI IPI for stopping these).

So I am not able to understand how clearing the NMI on crashing cpu is


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