[linux-pm] Re: [RFC][PATCH 1/2 -mm] kexec based hibernation -v3: kexec jump

Rafael J. Wysocki rjw at sisk.pl
Fri Sep 21 15:00:09 EDT 2007

On Friday, 21 September 2007 20:11, Jeremy Maitin-Shepard wrote:
> "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw at sisk.pl> writes:
> > On Friday, 21 September 2007 15:14, huang ying wrote:
> >> On 9/21/07, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw at sisk.pl> wrote:
> >> > On Friday, 21 September 2007 05:33, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> >> > > Nigel Cunningham <nigel at nigel.suspend2.net> writes:
> > [--snip--]
> >> > >
> >> > > No one has yet attacked the hard problem of coming up with separate
> >> > > hibernate methods for drivers.
> >> >
> >> > Well, I've been playing a bit with that for some time, but it's not easy by
> > any
> >> > means.
> >> >
> >> > In short, I'm seeing some problems related to the handling of ACPI that seem
> > to
> >> > shatter the entire idea of having separate hibernate methods, at least as
> > far
> >> > as ACPI systems are concerned.
> >> 
> >> So sadly to hear this. Can you details it a little? Or a link?
> > Well, the problem is that apparently some systems (eg. my HP nx6325) expect us
> > to execute the _PTS ACPI global control method before creating the image _and_
> > to execute acpi_enter_sleep_state(ACPI_STATE_S4) in order to finally put the
> > system into the sleep state.  In particular, on nx6325, if we don't do that,
> > then after the restore the status of the AC power will not be reported
> > correctly (and if you replace the battery while in the sleep state, the
> > battery status will not be updated correctly after the restore).  Similar
> > issues have been reported for other machines.
> Suppose that instead of using ACPI S4 state at all, you instead just
> power off.  Yes, you'll lose wakeup event functionality, and flashy
> LEDs, but doesn't this take care of the problem?


> The firmware shouldn't see the hibernate as anything other than a shutdown
> and reboot.

Actually, this assumption is apparently wrong.

> ACPI should be initialized normally when resuming, which should take care of
> getting AC power status reported properly.

Well, that doesn't work.  I've tested it, really. :-)

> This should be the behavior, anyway, on the many systems that do not
> support S4.
> > Now, the ACPI specification requires us to put devices into low power states
> > before executing _PTS and that's exactly what we're doing before a suspend to
> > RAM.  Thus, it seems that in general we need to do the same for hibernation on
> > ACPI systems.
> It seems that if ACPI S4 is going to be used, Switching to low power
> state is something that should be done only immediately before entering
> that state (i.e. after the image has already been saved).

Doesn't.  Work.

> In particular, it should not be done just before the atomic copy.  It is
> true that (during resume) after the atomic copy snapshot is restored,
> drivers will need to be prepared (i.e. have saved whatever information
> is necessary) to _resume_ devices from the low power state, but that
> does not mean they have to actually be put into that low power state
> before the copy is made.
> I agree that for the kexec implementation there may be additional
> issues.  For swsusp, uswsusp, and tuxonice, though, I don't see why
> there should be a problem.  I think that, as was recognized before, all
> of the issues are resolved by properly considering exactly what each
> callback should do and when it should be called.  The problems stem from
> ambiguous specifications, or trying to use the same callback for two
> different purposes or in two different cases.
> Let me know if I'm mistaken.

See above. :-)


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