[Kgdb-bugreport] Problem getting kgdb to read kernel symbols. addresses shifted?

Derek Atkins warlord at MIT.EDU
Mon Oct 1 14:44:06 EDT 2007

Dave Anderson <anderson at redhat.com> writes:

>> Hi Eric and others,
>> I think we might be running into the issues because i386, FC7 relocatable
>> kernel has been compiled for 16MB physical address but effectively it
>> runs at 4MB physical address. So kernel does not run at compiled address
>> and any kind of debugging tools reading symbol address from System.map
>> or rom vmlinux will fail as run time symbol addresses are different.
>> /proc/kallsyms should help though. This is one problem with shift in run
>> time virtual address while relocating the kernel. We should be running kernel
>> at compiled address to be able to debug it. Or enable any tools to parse
>> /proc/kallsyms to read the shift in symbol addresses and adjust accordingly.
>> Thanks
>> Vivek
> Right, crash was updated in version 4.0-4.5 to allow the use
> of /proc/kallsyms as an alternative to the System.map file,
> as well as adding a new --reloc command line argument.  After
> bringing up the vmlinux file in gdb (with the "wrong" addresses),
> all of the minimal_symbol data structures in the gdb module are
> back-patched with the /proc/kallsyms values:
>  http://people.redhat.com/anderson/crash.changelog.html#4_0_4_5
> It seems the benefit of configuring the kernel that way is debatable,
> and I will do all I can to convince the RHEL-6 and beyond kernel
> maintainers from doing it that way in the future.  But Fedora goes
> its own way.  Seems totally lame to issue a bogus System.map file
> though...

Well, this is kgdb, so "/proc/kallsyms" is on the target machine,
not the host machine.  So, 'gdb' cannot read /proc/kallsyms, because,
well, it's not local.

However, I AM building my own kernel -- so I can certainly reconfigure
it as necessary.  What do I need to do to reconfigure my kernel to
run at the same place it was built for?  I.e., what's changing the
runtime from 16M to 4M and how do I make it consistent?


> Dave


       Derek Atkins, SB '93 MIT EE, SM '95 MIT Media Laboratory
       Member, MIT Student Information Processing Board  (SIPB)
       URL: http://web.mit.edu/warlord/    PP-ASEL-IA     N1NWH
       warlord at MIT.EDU                        PGP key available

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