[PATCH] kexec: force x86_64 arches to boot kdump kernels on boot cpu

Eric W. Biederman ebiederm at xmission.com
Wed Nov 28 18:27:43 EST 2007

Neil Horman <nhorman at redhat.com> writes:

> On Wed, Nov 28, 2007 at 12:42:22PM -0700, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
>> Vivek Goyal <vgoyal at redhat.com> writes:
>> > Ok. Got it. So in this case we route the interrupts directly through LAPIC
>> > and put LVT0 in ExtInt mode and IOAPIC is bypassed.
>> >
>> > I am looking at Intel Multiprocessor specification v1.4 and as per figure
>> > 3-3 on page 3-9, 8259 is connected to LINTIN0 line, which in turn is 
>> > connected to LINTIN0 pin on all processors. If that is the case, even in
>> > this mode, all the CPU should see the timer interrupts (which is coming
>> > from 8259)?
>> However things are implemented completely differently now.  I don't think
>> the coherent hypertransport domain of AMD processors actually routes
>> ExtINT interrupts to all cpus but instead one (the default route?) is
>> picked.
> http://www.hypertransport.org/docs/tech/HTC20051222-0046-0008-Final-4-21-06.pdf
> Table 143 suggest to me that legacy interrupts should be routed to all cpus,
> which certainly doesn't seem to be the case in this situation.  Perhaps Nvidia
> goofed on that part of the specification?

Once it hits the coherent hypertransport fabric only AMD has control.
The packet does not have a destination field that could specify which
cpu.  So Nvidia could not have goofed.  It is a magic property of
the coherent hypertransport domain as which cpu gets it.

>> So I think for the kdump case we pretty much need to use an IOAPIC
>> in virtual wire mode for recent AMD systems.
>> For current Intel systems I believe either scenario still works.
>> > Can you print the LAPIC registers (print_local_APIC) during normal boot
>> > and during kdump boot and paste here?
>> It's worth a look.
>> I still think we need to just use apic mode at kernel startup, and
>> be done with it.
> Certainly, this seems like the best solution long term.
> So I'm looking at the implementation for 64 bit system, and it seems a little
> cleaner than 32 bit setup.  I'm wondering if we can just call setup_IO_APIC
> immediately after init_IRQ in start_kernel?  Could it be that straightforward?

Pretty much.

The essence of what I did last round was put at the end of

if (!disable_apic && cpu_has_apic) {
	 * Switch to APIC mode.

	 * Now start the IO-APICs
	if (smp_found_config && !skip_ioapic_setup && nr_ioapics)
		nr_ioapics = 0;

Beyond that it is just dotting i's and crossing t's.


More information about the kexec mailing list