[PATCH v2] fastboot: scale default sparse max_download_size with available memory

Ahmad Fatoum a.fatoum at pengutronix.de
Mon Aug 28 01:17:55 PDT 2023

The fastboot host tool chokes when asked to sparse images that are not

  error: write_sparse_skip_chunk: don't care size 4280912 is not a multiple
  of the block size 4096

This is often not a problem, because disk images tend to be 4K-aligned
and are best converted to sparse images properly explicitly anyway, so
don't care holes are preserved.

Bootloader binaries on the other hand are smaller than the default
fastboot.max_download_size of 8M, so they are downloaded as a single
chunk without problems.

Situation is different for kernel and FIT images, which aren't
necessarily 4K aligned, usually bigger than 8M, and are usually
compressed, so explicitly sparsing them doesn't save time and thus is
usually not done.

Short of fixing the fastboot host tool, users can skip sparsing kernel
images as well by choosing a suitable larger fastboot.max_download_size
than the 8M default.

To improve user experience, let's scale max_download_size with the
available memory. The minimum default value remains 8M, but the value
can go up to 128M now and is computed by dividing available malloc
area by 8 (roughly 1/16th of total SDRAM). For ARM systems, buffer
sizes would now look like this:

  SDRAM Size	Fastboot Buffer size

  1024M		64M
   512M		32M
   256M		16M
   128M		8M

To err on the side of caution, we only generate powers-of-two sizes.
This only affects the default value and users can as before override
it in the environment.

Signed-off-by: Ahmad Fatoum <a.fatoum at pengutronix.de>
v1 -> v2:
  - squash fixup fixing off by one in mem_malloc_size
  - drop SZ_8M leftover in fastboot_max_download_size initialization.
    It'll always be overridden anyway.
 common/fastboot.c | 11 +++++++++--
 include/memory.h  |  5 +++++
 2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/common/fastboot.c b/common/fastboot.c
index f91f398d7a95..65d1d30f9092 100644
--- a/common/fastboot.c
+++ b/common/fastboot.c
@@ -30,7 +30,9 @@
 #include <ubiformat.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
 #include <magicvar.h>
+#include <linux/log2.h>
 #include <linux/sizes.h>
+#include <memory.h>
 #include <progress.h>
 #include <environment.h>
 #include <globalvar.h>
@@ -45,7 +47,7 @@
 #define FASTBOOT_VERSION		"0.4"
-static unsigned int fastboot_max_download_size = SZ_8M;
+static unsigned int fastboot_max_download_size;
 static int fastboot_bbu;
 static char *fastboot_partitions;
@@ -940,9 +942,14 @@ struct file_list *get_fastboot_partitions(void)
 static int fastboot_globalvars_init(void)
+		fastboot_max_download_size
+			= roundup_pow_of_two(clamp_t(ulong, mem_malloc_size() / 8,
+						     SZ_8M, SZ_128M));
 				 &fastboot_max_download_size, "%u");
+	}
 	globalvar_add_simple_bool("fastboot.bbu", &fastboot_bbu);
diff --git a/include/memory.h b/include/memory.h
index ffd66db02ba0..9c2a037610b6 100644
--- a/include/memory.h
+++ b/include/memory.h
@@ -10,6 +10,11 @@ void mem_malloc_init(void *start, void *end);
 ulong mem_malloc_start(void);
 ulong mem_malloc_end(void);
+static inline ulong mem_malloc_size(void)
+	return mem_malloc_end() - mem_malloc_start() + 1;
 struct memory_bank {
 	struct list_head list;
 	unsigned long start;

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