[PATCH 07/24] ARM: stm32mp: build extra barebox-stm32mp-generic-bl33.img

Ahmad Fatoum a.fatoum at pengutronix.de
Sun Feb 20 04:47:19 PST 2022

barebox-dt-2nd.img expects being loaded at an offset, so the stack can
grow down from entry point. The STM32MP TF-A default is to not have an
offset. Avoid this issue by having a stm32mp specific entry point that
sets up a 64 byte stack after end of barebox. As it's stm32mp-specific
anyway, we can skip the early FDT parsing and ask the SDRAM controller
about RAM size.

Signed-off-by: Ahmad Fatoum <a.fatoum at pengutronix.de>
 Documentation/boards/stm32mp.rst     | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/Makefile       |  1 +
 arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/bl33-generic.c | 24 +++++++++++++
 images/Makefile.stm32mp              |  5 +++
 4 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/bl33-generic.c

diff --git a/Documentation/boards/stm32mp.rst b/Documentation/boards/stm32mp.rst
index 2b9dc01b551a..55bdafe78579 100644
--- a/Documentation/boards/stm32mp.rst
+++ b/Documentation/boards/stm32mp.rst
@@ -13,20 +13,26 @@ then the second stage boot loader (SSBL) is loaded into DRAM.
 When building barebox, the resulting ``barebox-${board}.stm32`` file has the STM32
 header preprended, so it can be loaded directly as SSBL by the ARM TF-A
 (https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware). Each entry point has a
-header-less image ending in ``*.pblb`` as well.
+header-less image ending in ``*.pblb`` as well. Additionally, there is
+a ``barebox-stm32mp-generic.img``, which is a header-less image for
+use as part of a Firmware Image Package (FIP).
-Use of barebox as FSBL is not supported.
+barebox images are meant to be loaded by the ARM TF-A
+(https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware). FIP images are
+mandatory for STM32MP1 since TF-A v2.7.
+Use of barebox as FSBL is not implemented.
 Building barebox
-With multi-image and device trees, it's expected to have ``stm32mp_defconfig``
-as sole defconfig for all STM32MP boards::
+There's a single ``stm32mp_defconfig`` for all STM32MP boards::
   make ARCH=arm stm32mp_defconfig
 The resulting images will be placed under ``images/``::
+  barebox-stm32mp-generic-bl33.img
@@ -37,13 +43,44 @@ The resulting images will be placed under ``images/``::
 In the above output, images with a ``.stm32`` extension feature the (legacy)
-stm32image header. ``barebox-dt-2nd.img`` is a generic barebox image that
-received an external device tree.
+stm32image header. ``barebox-dt-2nd.img`` and ``barebox-stm32mp-generic-bl33.img``
+are board-generic barebox images that receive an external device tree.
+Flashing barebox (FIP)
+After building barebox in ``$BAREBOX_BUILDDIR``, change directory to ARM
+Trusted Firmware to build a FIP image. Example building STM32MP157C-DK2
+with SP_min (no OP-TEE):
+.. code:: bash
+    make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi- PLAT=stm32mp1 ARCH=aarch32 ARM_ARCH_MAJOR=7 \
+        AARCH32_SP=sp_min \
+        DTB_FILE_NAME=stm32mp157c-dk2.dtb \
+        BL33=$BAREBOX_BUILDDIR/images/barebox-stm32mp-generic-bl33.img \
+        BL33_CFG=$BAREBOX_BUILDDIR/arch/arm/dts/stm32mp157c-dk2.dtb \
+        fip
+For different boards, adjust ``DTB_FILENAME`` and ``BL33_CFG`` as appropriate.
+If OP-TEE is used, ensure ``CONFIG_OPTEE_SIZE`` is set appropriately, so
+early barebox code does not attempt accessing secure memory.
+barebox can also be patched into an existing FIP image with ``fiptool``:
+.. code:: bash
+    fiptool update mmcblk0p3  \
+      --nt-fw $BAREBOX_BUILDDIR/images/barebox-stm32mp-generic-bl33.img \
+      --hw-config $BAREBOX_BUILDDIR/arch/arm/dts/stm32mp135f-dk.dtb
 Flashing barebox (legacy stm32image)
-An appropriate image for a SD-Card can be generated with following
+After building ARM Trusted Firmware with ``STM32MP_USE_STM32IMAGE=1``,
+an appropriate image for a SD-Card can be generated with following
 ``genimage(1)`` config::
   image @STM32MP_BOARD at .img {
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/Makefile b/arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/Makefile
index 4163bd176b1f..86c13b8fca8a 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/Makefile
@@ -2,4 +2,5 @@
 obj-y := init.o
 obj-pbl-y := ddrctrl.o
+pbl-y := bl33-generic.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BOOTM) += stm32image.o
diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/bl33-generic.c b/arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/bl33-generic.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6f779b19cf4d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-stm32mp/bl33-generic.c
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <mach/entry.h>
+#include <debug_ll.h>
+ * barebox-dt-2nd.img expects being loaded at an offset, so the
+ * stack can grow down from entry point. The STM32MP TF-A default
+ * is to not have an offset. This stm32mp specific entry points
+ * avoids this issue by setting up a 64 byte stack after end of
+ * barebox and by asking the memory controller about RAM size
+ * instead of parsing it out of the DT.
+ *
+ * When using OP-TEE, ensure CONFIG_OPTEE_SIZE is appopriately set.
+ */
+ENTRY_FUNCTION(start_stm32mp_bl33, r0, r1, r2)
+	stm32mp_cpu_lowlevel_init();
+	putc_ll('>');
+	stm32mp1_barebox_entry((void *)r2);
diff --git a/images/Makefile.stm32mp b/images/Makefile.stm32mp
index eeb5d9ecf6d3..862e955dbc59 100644
--- a/images/Makefile.stm32mp
+++ b/images/Makefile.stm32mp
@@ -25,6 +25,11 @@ endef
 # --------------------------------------
+# For use as --nt-fw (BL33) in FIP images
+pblb-y += start_stm32mp_bl33
+FILE_barebox-stm32mp-generic-bl33.img  = start_stm32mp_bl33.pblb
+image-y += barebox-stm32mp-generic-bl33.img
 $(call build_stm32mp_image, CONFIG_MACH_STM32MP15XX_DKX, start_stm32mp15xx_dkx, stm32mp15xx-dkx)
 $(call build_stm32mp_image, CONFIG_MACH_STM32MP15X_EV1, start_stm32mp15x_ev1, stm32mp15x-ev1)

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