Build failures with CC=arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc-11

Ian Abbott abbotti at
Fri Nov 19 02:30:02 PST 2021

Hi Michael,

On 19/11/2021 09:29, Michael Olbrich wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 18, 2021 at 03:32:04PM +0000, Ian Abbott wrote:
>> Hi,
>> My Debian "testing" build system updated the default version of
>> arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc from 10.x to 11.x.  Building barebox in thumb-2 mode
>> for an ARMv7 (it's a SoCFPGA) with this compiler fails with assembler errors
>> such as:
>>    CC      common/state/state_variables.o
>> {standard input}: Assembler messages:
>> {standard input}:1535: Error: selected processor does not support `rev
>> r3,r3' in Thumb mode
>> {standard input}:1576: Error: selected processor does not support `rev
>> r3,r3' in Thumb mode
>> Building in verbose mode (V=1) shows that "make" has selected the compile
>> flags `-march=armv5t -Wa,-march=armv7-a` instead of the usual
>> `-march=armv7-a`.
>> Looking a little deeper, all of the following lines in "arch/arm/Makefile"
>> are failing to select the first option and defaulting to the second option
>> (if any):
> It probably is added from here:
> arch-$(CONFIG_CPU_32v7)		:=-D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=7 $(call cc-option,-march=armv7-a,-march=armv5t -Wa$(comma)-march=armv7-a)
> The check for -march=armv7-a fails for some reason so the fallback is used.

Yes, I showed the exact failure resulting from the cc-option call 
further down my email:

cc1: error: ‘-mfloat-abi=hard’: selected architecture lacks an FPU

> I've seen this when CC is a wrapper and already adds -mcpu=... to the
> commandline. In that case gcc now complains about the combination and the
> check fails.

In my case, CC was set by this "" script:

#! /bin/sh



CC="$CC" $*

so after expansion, CC=arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc-11

> Michael

Cheers, Ian.

>> arch-$(CONFIG_CPU_64v8)		:= -D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=8 $(call
>> cc-option,-march=armv8-a)
>> arch-$(CONFIG_CPU_32v7)		:=-D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=7 $(call
>> cc-option,-march=armv7-a,-march=armv5t -Wa$(comma)-march=armv7-a)
>> arch-$(CONFIG_CPU_32v6)		:=-D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=6 $(call
>> cc-option,-march=armv6,-march=armv5t -Wa$(comma)-march=armv6)
>> arch-$(CONFIG_CPU_32v5)		:=-D__LINUX_ARM_ARCH__=5 $(call
>> cc-option,-march=armv5te,-march=armv4t)
>> The error from the compiler is:
>> cc1: error: ‘-mfloat-abi=hard’: selected architecture lacks an FPU
>> (Note: the error is only shown after tweaking the `try-run` command in
>> "scripts/Kbuild.include" so that it does not send error output to
>> "/dev/null".)
>> That error seems to be a change in behaviour between GCC 10.x and GCC 11.x.
>> At the point in the Makefile that the error occurs, the `-msoft-float`
>> option has not been added to `KBUILD_CPPFLAGS` yet. That is done further
>> down the Makefile except for `CONFIG_CPU_V8`.  I guess it needs to be added
>> somewhere before problematic lines in the Makefile.  I'm not sure if
>> `-msoft-float` is also needed for 64-bit ARMv8, but the error suggests it is
>> required there too.

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